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Review Questions

1 .
What was the event that caused the Nationalist Chinese (GMD) and the Chinese communists (CCP) to unite to resist Japan?
  1. Xian Incident
  2. Tanggu Truce
  3. Japanese assault on Shanghai
  4. Japanese invasion of Mongolia
2 .
What was the territory Hitler wanted from Czechoslovakia?
  1. Austrian province
  2. Polish Corridor
  3. Reichland
  4. Sudetenland
3 .
From which port were British and French forces evacuated from France to England?
  1. Marseilles
  2. Brest
  3. Calais
  4. Dunkirk
4 .
What was the German invasion of the Soviet Union called?
  1. Operation Eastern Blitz
  2. Operation Barbarossa
  3. Operation Lebensraum
  4. Operation Siegfried
5 .
Where did the first summit meeting between Roosevelt and Churchill take place?
  1. Washington, DC
  2. London
  3. Newfoundland
  4. Bermuda
6 .
The U.S. military plan for war, called Plan D, laid out what strategy?
  1. hold the line
  2. take Tokyo
  3. Europe First
  4. save Russia
7 .
The first U.S. action against Axis forces in the European theater _____.
  1. took place in North Africa
  2. was the invasion of Sardinia
  3. liberated Norway
  4. was the invasion of Spain
8 .
What was Japan’s name for its empire?
  1. Liberated Asia
  2. The New Asia
  3. The Unification of the Eight Corners
  4. The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
9 .
What was the German military unit that followed advancing armies into eastern Europe and began eliminating enemies and Jewish people?
  1. Sturmabteilung
  2. Einsatzgruppen
  3. Gnadegruppen
  4. Grausamkeitzug
10 .
What was the turning point of the war in the Pacific?
  1. the attack on Pearl Harbor
  2. the Battle of Midway
  3. the Battle of Guadalcanal
  4. the fighting in the Philippines
11 .
What was significant about the Battle of Stalingrad?
  1. It stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and was the turning point of the war in Europe.
  2. It constituted a major victory for the United States and encouraged the public to support the war.
  3. It resulted in the loss of most of Britain’s Mediterranean fleet.
  4. It convinced Britain and the United States to invade Europe and relieve pressure on the Soviet Union.
12 .
British and American women were enlisted for agricultural work during the war as part of each nation’s _____.
  1. Women’s Vegetable Corps
  2. Women’s Land Army
  3. Feminine Farmers
  4. Ladies Land Workers
13 .
Hitler issued orders to deal severely with partisan resistance in his _____.
  1. Night and Fog Decree
  2. Strike Hard Directive
  3. Merciless Message
  4. Kill All Command
14 .
Who was the scientist mainly responsible for building the Enigma decoding machine?
  1. Charles Drew
  2. Albert Einstein
  3. Robert J. Oppenheimer
  4. Alan Turing
15 .
Who was the Japanese American internee who fought the constitutionality of internment during the war and had his conviction overturned thirty years later?
  1. Ishita Edwards
  2. Fred Korematsu
  3. Ishii Shiro
  4. Hayashi Tadao
16 .
What was the Manhattan Project focused on?
  1. anti-submarine weapons
  2. the occupation of postwar Germany
  3. the building of an atomic weapon
  4. the inclusion of radar in all airplanes
17 .
The Germans made one final attempt to defeat the Western Allies in Europe in what battle?
  1. Battle of the Bulge
  2. The December Duel
  3. The Forest Fight
  4. Battle of Verdun
18 .
What did the Yalta Agreement reaffirm Stalin’s commitment to do?
  1. peacefully disarm the Red Army after the war
  2. cooperate in the joint occupation of eastern European countries
  3. return to Finland the land it had seized
  4. enter the war against Japan three months after the defeat of Germany
19 .
What did the Japanese strategy of shukketsu seek to do?
  1. outmaneuver Allied forces in quick movements
  2. bleed the U.S. forces to dishearten them through casualties
  3. punch holes in U.S. defenses and surround U.S. units
  4. let U.S. forces pass through Japanese lines and then attack them from the rear
20 .
What was the forced repatriation of Soviet citizens liberated from German captivity by Allied forces called?
  1. Operation Giveback
  2. Operation Boomerang
  3. Operation Keelhaul
  4. Operation Homeward Bound
21 .
What were the three goals of the U.S. occupation of Japan?
  1. pacification, liberalization, modernization
  2. decentralization, deindustrialization, depopulation
  3. demilitarization, democratization, recognition of human rights
  4. republicanism, restitution, retribution
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