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Table of contents
  1. Preface
  2. Early Human Societies
    1. 1 Understanding the Past
      1. Introduction
      2. 1.1 Developing a Global Perspective
      3. 1.2 Primary Sources
      4. 1.3 Causation and Interpretation in History
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    2. 2 Early Humans
      1. Introduction
      2. 2.1 Early Human Evolution and Migration
      3. 2.2 People in the Paleolithic Age
      4. 2.3 The Neolithic Revolution
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    3. 3 Early Civilizations and Urban Societies
      1. Introduction
      2. 3.1 Early Civilizations
      3. 3.2 Ancient Mesopotamia
      4. 3.3 Ancient Egypt
      5. 3.4 The Indus Valley Civilization
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    4. 4 The Near East
      1. Introduction
      2. 4.1 From Old Babylon to the Medes
      3. 4.2 Egypt’s New Kingdom
      4. 4.3 The Persian Empire
      5. 4.4 The Hebrews
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    5. 5 Asia in Ancient Times
      1. Introduction
      2. 5.1 Ancient China
      3. 5.2 The Steppes
      4. 5.3 Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia
      5. 5.4 Vedic India to the Fall of the Maurya Empire
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
  3. States and Empires, 1000 BCE–500 CE
    1. 6 Mediterranean Peoples
      1. Introduction
      2. 6.1 Early Mediterranean Peoples
      3. 6.2 Ancient Greece
      4. 6.3 The Hellenistic Era
      5. 6.4 The Roman Republic
      6. 6.5 The Age of Augustus
      7. Key Terms
      8. Section Summary
      9. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    2. 7 Experiencing the Roman Empire
      1. Introduction
      2. 7.1 The Daily Life of a Roman Family
      3. 7.2 Slavery in the Roman Empire
      4. 7.3 The Roman Economy: Trade, Taxes, and Conquest
      5. 7.4 Religion in the Roman Empire
      6. 7.5 The Regions of Rome
      7. Key Terms
      8. Section Summary
      9. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    3. 8 The Americas in Ancient Times
      1. Introduction
      2. 8.1 Populating and Settling the Americas
      3. 8.2 Early Cultures and Civilizations in the Americas
      4. 8.3 The Age of Empires in the Americas
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    4. 9 Africa in Ancient Times
      1. Introduction
      2. 9.1 Africa’s Geography and Climate
      3. 9.2 The Emergence of Farming and the Bantu Migrations
      4. 9.3 The Kingdom of Kush
      5. 9.4 North Africa’s Mediterranean and Trans-Saharan Connections
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
  4. An Age of Religion, 500–1200 CE
    1. 10 Empires of Faith
      1. Introduction
      2. 10.1 The Eastward Shift
      3. 10.2 The Byzantine Empire and Persia
      4. 10.3 The Kingdoms of Aksum and Himyar
      5. 10.4 The Margins of Empire
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    2. 11 The Rise of Islam and the Caliphates
      1. Introduction
      2. 11.1 The Rise and Message of Islam
      3. 11.2 The Arab-Islamic Conquests and the First Islamic States
      4. 11.3 Islamization and Religious Rule under Islam
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    3. 12 India, the Indian Ocean Basin, and East Asia
      1. Introduction
      2. 12.1 The Indian Ocean World in the Early Middle Ages
      3. 12.2 East-West Interactions in the Early Middle Ages
      4. 12.3 Border States: Sogdiana, Korea, and Japan
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    4. 13 The Post-Roman West and the Crusading Movement
      1. Introduction
      2. 13.1 The Post-Roman West in the Early Middle Ages
      3. 13.2 The Seljuk Migration and the Call from the East
      4. 13.3 Patriarch and Papacy: The Church and the Call to Crusade
      5. 13.4 The Crusading Movement
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
  5. A Global Middle Ages, 1200–1500 CE
    1. 14 Pax Mongolica: The Steppe Empire of the Mongols
      1. Introduction
      2. 14.1 Song China and the Steppe Peoples
      3. 14.2 Chinggis Khan and the Early Mongol Empire
      4. 14.3 The Mongol Empire Fragments
      5. 14.4 Christianity and Islam outside Central Asia
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    2. 15 States and Societies in Sub-Saharan Africa
      1. Introduction
      2. 15.1 Culture and Society in Medieval Africa
      3. 15.2 Medieval Sub-Saharan Africa
      4. 15.3 The People of the Sahel
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    3. 16 Climate Change and Plague in the Fourteenth Century
      1. Introduction
      2. 16.1 Asia, North Africa, and Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century
      3. 16.2 Famine, Climate Change, and Migration
      4. 16.3 The Black Death from East to West
      5. 16.4 The Long-Term Effects of Global Transformation
      6. Key Terms
      7. Section Summary
      8. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
    4. 17 The Ottomans, the Mamluks, and the Ming
      1. Introduction
      2. 17.1 The Ottomans and the Mongols
      3. 17.2 From the Mamluks to Ming China
      4. 17.3 Gunpowder and Nomads in a Transitional Age
      5. Key Terms
      6. Section Summary
      7. Assessments
        1. Review Questions
        2. Check Your Understanding Questions
        3. Application and Reflection Questions
  6. A | Glossary
  7. B | World History, Volume 1, to 1500: Maps and Timelines
  8. C | World Maps
  9. D | Recommended Resources for the Study of World History
  10. Index

Review Questions

1 .
Why has evidence of earlier coastal migrations down the west coast of North America not been discovered?
  1. There is resistance to these theories.
  2. The likely sites are now covered by water.
  3. The migrants probably did not follow the coast.
  4. The legal fight over Kennewick Man prevented it.
2 .
What activity best characterizes the Clovis people?
  1. They were settled agriculturalists.
  2. They lived on the salmon abundant in the areas where they lived.
  3. They were mobile big-game hunters.
  4. They were prolific mound builders.
3 .
Where did maize agriculture initially begin?
  1. Mesoamerica
  2. Eastern Woodlands
  3. Pacific Northwest
  4. Andean region
4 .
What edible plant was domesticated in the Eastern Woodlands?
  1. sunflower
  2. maize
  3. potato
  4. quinoa
5 .
For what ancient method of hunting bison have archaeologists uncovered evidence in places like Texas and Montana?
  1. using large reed traps
  2. shooting bison with bows and arrows
  3. driving bison over cliffs
  4. chasing bison with horses
6 .
What species was an important source of protein for the people of the Pacific Northwest?
  1. llamas
  2. salmon
  3. guanacos
  4. guinea pigs
7 .
What does it mean to call Olmec civilization a “mother culture?”
  1. Its expansion led to the creation of other similar cultures.
  2. It expanded from San Lorenzo to La Venta.
  3. It encouraged the production of stone heads in northern Mexico.
  4. It founded important Maya city-states.
8 .
What was the political organization of the larger Maya world?
  1. It was a large empire.
  2. It was a confederation with one elite city.
  3. It was a collection of independent city-states.
  4. It was made up of two large multicity kingdoms.
9 .
What South American culture gave birth to the Early Horizon period?
  1. Chavín
  2. Tiwanaku
  3. Moche
  4. Nazca
10 .
How did the Hopewell tradition people transform the environment to suit their needs?
  1. They built large stone temples.
  2. They farmed maize in river deltas.
  3. They created animal depictions in the desert.
  4. They created earthen mounds.
11 .
What two Mesoamerican civilizations were contemporaries?
  1. Olmec and Zapotec
  2. Teotihuacano and Zapotec
  3. Olmec and Teotihuacano
  4. Maya and Olmec
12 .
What Mesoamerican civilization created a complex writing system for recording its history and genealogies?
  1. Olmec
  2. Teotihuacáno
  3. Maya
  4. Zapotec
13 .
What conclusions have scholars drawn from the art left behind by the Moche?
  1. They were a highly militaristic people.
  2. They were a nonagricultural people.
  3. They engaged in peaceful religious expansion.
  4. They maintained a strong relationship with the Maya.
14 .
Where did the Aztec establish their city?
  1. Lake Texcoco
  2. Oaxaca
  3. Gulf lowlands
  4. Aztlan
15 .
In what role did Aztec women serve?
  1. soldiers
  2. farmers
  3. healers
  4. diplomats
16 .
According to Inca legend, what event brought Yupanki to power in Cuzco?
  1. He placed his golden staff in the ground.
  2. He defeated the Chanka offensive.
  3. He turned his brothers to stone.
  4. He constructed a temple to Inti.
17 .
What was a major reason for the cultural shift in the Mississippian tradition?
  1. the adoption of maize agriculture
  2. the start of earthen mound building
  3. the construction of cliffside dwellings
  4. the use of human sacrifice
18 .
What serves as strong evidence that the builders of Casas Grandes were culturally influenced by Mesoamerican civilizations farther south?
  1. the presence of kivas
  2. the presence of an I-shaped ball court
  3. the presence of macaw feathers
  4. the presence of adobe structures
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