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Review Questions

1 .
What purpose did jade not serve in the early Neolithic cultures of China?
  1. artwork
  2. currency
  3. funeral rites and religious rituals
  4. jewelry
2 .
What key piece of evidence convinced scholars that the Shang dynasty was not a mythical dynasty, as was once believed?
  1. oracle bones
  2. chariots
  3. bronze weapons
  4. agriculture
3 .
What was one of the major tenets of early Confucian thought?
  1. the need for clearly defined law codes
  2. the search for natural beauty and immortality
  3. the right of sovereigns to rule based on the favor of heaven
  4. the need for rulers to exhibit moral leadership and virtuous conduct
4 .
In what way did the mobilization for war during the Warring States Period contribute to economic growth in China?
  1. Mercenary work became a primary occupation for commoners.
  2. Conquered rulers were forced to pay heavy taxes.
  3. War encouraged more cross-regional trade in things like copper and horses.
  4. To avoid fighting, aristocrats transformed themselves into merchants.
5 .
What Chinese tradition from the Hundred Schools of Thought encouraged “nonaction” as an important political concept?
  1. Confucianism
  2. Legalism
  3. Mohism
  4. Daoism
6 .
Which was not one of the nomadic cultures that lived on the Inner Asian Steppe in the ancient world?
  1. Di
  2. Xiongnu
  3. Xianbei
  4. Yangshao
7 .
What Inner Asian Steppe peoples founded the Northern Wei dynasty?
  1. Xiongnu
  2. Xianbei
  3. Di
  4. Jie
8 .
Why do scholars think that the people of the Inner Asian Steppe began to abandon agriculture for livestock herding around 1500 BCE?
  1. climate change
  2. war between clans
  3. introduction of the horse
  4. pressure from the Shang dynasty
9 .
What early culture was known for its bronze drums that spread widely across Southeast Asia?
  1. Yayoi
  2. Dong Son
  3. Emishi
  4. Baekje
10 .
What climatic condition supported the transfer of culture between India and Southeast Asia?
  1. warm summers
  2. torrential rails
  3. monsoon winds
  4. dust storms
11 .
What group in Japan invented new technologies like pottery in an effort to adapt to the climate changes occurring around twelve thousand years ago?
  1. the Jōmon
  2. the Yayoi
  3. the Yamato
  4. the Silla
12 .
Which of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, though originally the smallest and least powerful, came to dominate the others with the help of China?
  1. Goguryeo
  2. Baekje
  3. Silla
  4. Mahan
13 .
What imported technology from China and Korea seems to have been connected to the religious transformations occurring in Japan during the beginning of the Yamato era?
  1. mirrors
  2. rice cultivation
  3. bronze
  4. gold jewelry
14 .
What cultural practice of the people in Jinhan (Korea) suggests they were in contact with Japan?
  1. They tattooed their bodies.
  2. They practiced Buddhism.
  3. They used Chinese script.
  4. They built stone temples.
15 .
What is the name of the hymns the Aryans brought to India?
  1. Bhakti
  2. Ashoka
  3. Vedas
  4. Brahmans
16 .
What Indian ruler promoted the spread of Buddhism after his own conversion?
  1. Chandragupta
  2. Megasthenes
  3. Rama
  4. Ashoka
17 .
What do Buddhists call the state of ultimate peace found in the extinction of all desire?
  1. brahman
  2. karma
  3. nirvana
  4. samsara
18 .
What group occupied the highest tier in the Indian caste system?
  1. Kshatriya
  2. Vaishya
  3. Shudra
  4. Brahman
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