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the practice of self-denial and rejection of pleasures as a way to express religious devotion
the name given to nomadic tribes of Arabia
Code of Justinian
a legal project carried out by Emperor Justinian to compile and edit Roman edicts issued from the second to the sixth century CE
ecumenical councils
meetings organized by emperors that gathered Christian bishops from around the empire to settle matters of doctrine within the Church
foreign states and tribes that were given semiautonomy as Roman allies in exchange for pledging military service to the Roman Empire
Jewish diaspora
the dispersion of the Jewish people beyond their ancestral homeland of Israel/Palestine following the Romans’ destruction of the Second Temple
Late Antiquity
a transitional period between the ancient and medieval worlds that occurred from roughly 150 to 750 CE
the rule of four emperors, two senior and two junior, established by the emperor Diocletian to quell the Crisis of the Third Century
Theodosian Code
a document initiated by the emperor Theodosius II compiling laws from around the empire that had been issued since the early fourth century
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