Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
U.S. History

Key Terms

U.S. HistoryKey Terms

Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which guarantee individual rights
Citizen Genêt affair
the controversy over the French representative who tried to involve the United States in France’s war against Great Britain
advocates of limited government who were troubled by the expansive domestic policies of Washington’s administration and opposed the Federalists
the practice of capturing sailors and forcing them into military service
letters of marque
French warrants allowing ships and their crews to engage in piracy
Louisiana Purchase
the U.S. purchase of the large territory of Louisiana from France in 1803
Marbury v. Madison
the landmark 1803 case establishing the Supreme Court’s powers of judicial review, specifically the power to review and possibly nullify actions of Congress and the president
Revolution of 1800
the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800
the Terror
a period during the French Revolution characterized by extreme violence and the execution of numerous enemies of the revolutionary government, from 1793 through 1794
XYZ affair
the French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798–1800
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Jan 11, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.