Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
U.S. History

Review Questions

U.S. HistoryReview Questions


Which of these was not a successful invention of the era?

  1. high-powered sewing machines
  2. movies with sound
  3. frozen foods
  4. typewriters

What was the major advantage of Westinghouse’s “alternating current” power invention?

  1. It was less prone to fire.
  2. It cost less to produce.
  3. It allowed machines to be farther from the power source.
  4. It was not under Edison’s control.

How did the burst of new inventions during this era fuel the process of urbanization?


Which of the following “robber barons” was notable for the exploitative way he made his fortune in railroads?

  1. Jay Gould
  2. Cornelius Vanderbilt
  3. Andrew Carnegie
  4. J. Pierpont Morgan

Which of the following does not represent one of the management strategies that John D. Rockefeller used in building his empire?

  1. horizontal integration
  2. vertical integration
  3. social Darwinism
  4. the holding company model

Why was Rockefeller’s use of horizontal integration such an effective business tool at this time? Were his choices legal? Why or why not?


What differentiated a “robber baron” from other “captains of industry” in late nineteenth-century America?


What was one of the key goals for which striking workers fought in the late nineteenth century?

  1. health insurance
  2. disability pay
  3. an eight-hour workday
  4. women’s right to hold factory jobs

Which of the following was not a key goal of the Knights of Labor?

  1. an end to convict labor
  2. a graduated income tax on personal wealth
  3. equal pay regardless of gender
  4. the creation of cooperative business enterprises

What were the core differences in the methods and agendas of the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor?


Which of the following did not contribute to the growth of a consumer culture in the United States at the close of the nineteenth century?

  1. personal credit
  2. advertising
  3. greater disposable income
  4. mail-order catalogs

Briefly explain Roland Marchand’s argument in the Parable of the Democracy of Goods.

Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Jan 11, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.