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Statistics

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StatisticsReferences
  1. Preface
  2. 1 Sampling and Data
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Definitions of Statistics, Probability, and Key Terms
    3. 1.2 Data, Sampling, and Variation in Data and Sampling
    4. 1.3 Frequency, Frequency Tables, and Levels of Measurement
    5. 1.4 Experimental Design and Ethics
    6. 1.5 Data Collection Experiment
    7. 1.6 Sampling Experiment
    8. Key Terms
    9. Chapter Review
    10. Practice
    11. Homework
    12. Bringing It Together: Homework
    13. References
    14. Solutions
  3. 2 Descriptive Statistics
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 Stem-and-Leaf Graphs (Stemplots), Line Graphs, and Bar Graphs
    3. 2.2 Histograms, Frequency Polygons, and Time Series Graphs
    4. 2.3 Measures of the Location of the Data
    5. 2.4 Box Plots
    6. 2.5 Measures of the Center of the Data
    7. 2.6 Skewness and the Mean, Median, and Mode
    8. 2.7 Measures of the Spread of the Data
    9. 2.8 Descriptive Statistics
    10. Key Terms
    11. Chapter Review
    12. Formula Review
    13. Practice
    14. Homework
    15. Bringing It Together: Homework
    16. References
    17. Solutions
  4. 3 Probability Topics
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Terminology
    3. 3.2 Independent and Mutually Exclusive Events
    4. 3.3 Two Basic Rules of Probability
    5. 3.4 Contingency Tables
    6. 3.5 Tree and Venn Diagrams
    7. 3.6 Probability Topics
    8. Key Terms
    9. Chapter Review
    10. Formula Review
    11. Practice
    12. Bringing It Together: Practice
    13. Homework
    14. Bringing It Together: Homework
    15. References
    16. Solutions
  5. 4 Discrete Random Variables
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Probability Distribution Function (PDF) for a Discrete Random Variable
    3. 4.2 Mean or Expected Value and Standard Deviation
    4. 4.3 Binomial Distribution (Optional)
    5. 4.4 Geometric Distribution (Optional)
    6. 4.5 Hypergeometric Distribution (Optional)
    7. 4.6 Poisson Distribution (Optional)
    8. 4.7 Discrete Distribution (Playing Card Experiment)
    9. 4.8 Discrete Distribution (Lucky Dice Experiment)
    10. Key Terms
    11. Chapter Review
    12. Formula Review
    13. Practice
    14. Homework
    15. References
    16. Solutions
  6. 5 Continuous Random Variables
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 Continuous Probability Functions
    3. 5.2 The Uniform Distribution
    4. 5.3 The Exponential Distribution (Optional)
    5. 5.4 Continuous Distribution
    6. Key Terms
    7. Chapter Review
    8. Formula Review
    9. Practice
    10. Homework
    11. References
    12. Solutions
  7. 6 The Normal Distribution
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 The Standard Normal Distribution
    3. 6.2 Using the Normal Distribution
    4. 6.3 Normal Distribution—Lap Times
    5. 6.4 Normal Distribution—Pinkie Length
    6. Key Terms
    7. Chapter Review
    8. Formula Review
    9. Practice
    10. Homework
    11. References
    12. Solutions
  8. 7 The Central Limit Theorem
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 The Central Limit Theorem for Sample Means (Averages)
    3. 7.2 The Central Limit Theorem for Sums (Optional)
    4. 7.3 Using the Central Limit Theorem
    5. 7.4 Central Limit Theorem (Pocket Change)
    6. 7.5 Central Limit Theorem (Cookie Recipes)
    7. Key Terms
    8. Chapter Review
    9. Formula Review
    10. Practice
    11. Homework
    12. References
    13. Solutions
  9. 8 Confidence Intervals
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 A Single Population Mean Using the Normal Distribution
    3. 8.2 A Single Population Mean Using the Student's t-Distribution
    4. 8.3 A Population Proportion
    5. 8.4 Confidence Interval (Home Costs)
    6. 8.5 Confidence Interval (Place of Birth)
    7. 8.6 Confidence Interval (Women's Heights)
    8. Key Terms
    9. Chapter Review
    10. Formula Review
    11. Practice
    12. Homework
    13. References
    14. Solutions
  10. 9 Hypothesis Testing with One Sample
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 Null and Alternative Hypotheses
    3. 9.2 Outcomes and the Type I and Type II Errors
    4. 9.3 Distribution Needed for Hypothesis Testing
    5. 9.4 Rare Events, the Sample, and the Decision and Conclusion
    6. 9.5 Additional Information and Full Hypothesis Test Examples
    7. 9.6 Hypothesis Testing of a Single Mean and Single Proportion
    8. Key Terms
    9. Chapter Review
    10. Formula Review
    11. Practice
    12. Homework
    13. References
    14. Solutions
  11. 10 Hypothesis Testing with Two Samples
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 Two Population Means with Unknown Standard Deviations
    3. 10.2 Two Population Means with Known Standard Deviations
    4. 10.3 Comparing Two Independent Population Proportions
    5. 10.4 Matched or Paired Samples (Optional)
    6. 10.5 Hypothesis Testing for Two Means and Two Proportions
    7. Key Terms
    8. Chapter Review
    9. Formula Review
    10. Practice
    11. Homework
    12. Bringing It Together: Homework
    13. References
    14. Solutions
  12. 11 The Chi-Square Distribution
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Facts About the Chi-Square Distribution
    3. 11.2 Goodness-of-Fit Test
    4. 11.3 Test of Independence
    5. 11.4 Test for Homogeneity
    6. 11.5 Comparison of the Chi-Square Tests
    7. 11.6 Test of a Single Variance
    8. 11.7 Lab 1: Chi-Square Goodness-of-Fit
    9. 11.8 Lab 2: Chi-Square Test of Independence
    10. Key Terms
    11. Chapter Review
    12. Formula Review
    13. Practice
    14. Homework
    15. Bringing It Together: Homework
    16. References
    17. Solutions
  13. 12 Linear Regression and Correlation
    1. Introduction
    2. 12.1 Linear Equations
    3. 12.2 The Regression Equation
    4. 12.3 Testing the Significance of the Correlation Coefficient (Optional)
    5. 12.4 Prediction (Optional)
    6. 12.5 Outliers
    7. 12.6 Regression (Distance from School) (Optional)
    8. 12.7 Regression (Textbook Cost) (Optional)
    9. 12.8 Regression (Fuel Efficiency) (Optional)
    10. Key Terms
    11. Chapter Review
    12. Formula Review
    13. Practice
    14. Homework
    15. Bringing It Together: Homework
    16. References
    17. Solutions
  14. 13 F Distribution and One-way Anova
    1. Introduction
    2. 13.1 One-Way ANOVA
    3. 13.2 The F Distribution and the F Ratio
    4. 13.3 Facts About the F Distribution
    5. 13.4 Test of Two Variances
    6. 13.5 Lab: One-Way ANOVA
    7. Key Terms
    8. Chapter Review
    9. Formula Review
    10. Practice
    11. Homework
    12. References
    13. Solutions
  15. A | Appendix A Review Exercises (Ch 3–13)
  16. B | Appendix B Practice Tests (1–4) and Final Exams
  17. C | Data Sets
  18. D | Group and Partner Projects
  19. E | Solution Sheets
  20. F | Mathematical Phrases, Symbols, and Formulas
  21. G | Notes for the TI-83, 83+, 84, 84+ Calculators
  22. H | Tables
  23. Index

4.2 Mean or Expected Value and Standard Deviation

Florida State University. (n.d.). Class catalogue at the Florida State University. Retrieved from https://apps.oti.fsu.edu/RegistrarCourseLookup/SearchFormLegacy

World Earthquakes. (2012). World earthquakes: Live earthquake news and highlights. Retrieved from http://www.worldearthquakes.com/index.php?option=ethq_prediction

4.3 Binomial Distribution (Optional)

American Cancer Society. (2013). What are the key statistics about pancreatic cancer? Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/pancreaticcancer/detailedguide/pancreatic-cancer-key-statistics

Central Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/theworld-factbook/geos/af.html

ESPN NBA. (2013). NBA statistics – 2013. Retrieved from http://espn.go.com/nba/statistics/_/seasontype/2

Newport, F. (2013). Americans still enjoy saving rather than spending: Few demographic differences seen in these views other than by income. GALLUP Economy. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/162368/americansenjoy-saving-rather-spending.aspx

Pryor, J. H., et al. (2011). The American freshman: National norms fall 2011. Los Angeles, CA: Cooperative Institutional Research Program, Higher Education Research Institute. Retrieved from http://heri.ucla.edu/PDFs/pubs/TFS/Norms/Monographs/TheAmericanFreshman2011.pdf

Wikipedia. (n.d.). Distance education. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_education

World Bank Group. (2013). Access to electricity (% of population). Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.ELC.ACCS.ZS?order=wbapi_data_value_2009%20wbapi_data_value%20wbapi_data_value-first&sort=asc

4.4 Geometric Distribution (Optional)

Central Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). The world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/theworld-factbook/geos/af.html

Pew Research Center. (n.d.). Millennials: A portrait of generation next. Retrieved from http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/files/2010/10/millennials-confident-connected-open-to-change.pdf

Pew Research. (2013). Millennials: confident. Executive Summary: Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. Retrieved from http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2010/02/24/millennials-confident-connected-open-tochange/

Pryor, J. H., et al. (2011). The American freshman: National norms fall 2011. Los Angeles: Cooperative Institutional Research Program, Higher Education Research Institute. Retrieved from http://heri.ucla.edu/PDFs/pubs/TFS/Norms/Monographs/ TheAmericanFreshman2011.pdf

The European Union and ICON-Institute. (2007/8). Summary of the national risk and vulnerability assessment 2007/8: A profile of Afghanistan. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/asia/documents/afgh_brochure_summary_en.pdf

The World Bank. (2013). Prevalence of HIV, total (% of populations ages 15-49). Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.AIDS.ZS?order=wbapi_data_value_2011+wbapi_data_value+wbapi_data_value-last&sort=desc

UNICEF Television. (n.d.). UNICEF reports on female literacy centers in Afghanistan established to teach women and girls basic reading and writing skills. (Video). Retrieved from http://www.unicefusa.org/assets/video/afghan-femaleliteracy-centers.html

4.6 Poisson Distribution (Optional)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012, Oct. 2). Teen drivers: Get the facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/Motorvehiclesafety/Teen_Drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html

Daily Mail. (2011, June 9). One born every minute: the maternity unit where mothers are THREE to a bed. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2001422/Busiest-maternity-ward-planet-averages-60-babies-day-mothersbed.html

Department of Aviation at the Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. (2013). ATL fact sheet. Retrieved from http://www.atlanta-airport.com/Airport/ATL/ATL_FactSheet.aspx

Lenhart, A. (2012). Teens, smartphones & testing: Texting volume is up while the frequency of voice calling is down. About one in four teens say they own smartphones. Pew Internet. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media/Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Teens_Smartphones_and_Texting.pdf

Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. (n.d.). Children and childrearing. Retrieved from http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/children/children-childrearing/index.html

Pew Internet. (2013). How Americans use text messaging. Retrieved from http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Cell-Phone-Texting-2011/Main-Report.aspx

South Carolina Department of Mental Health. (2006). Eating disorder statistics. Retrieved from http://www.state.sc.us/dmh/anorexia/statistics.htm

The Guardian. (2011, June 8). Giving birth in Manila: The maternity ward at the Dr Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital in Manila, the busiest in the Philippines, where there is an average of 60 births a day. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2011/jun/08/philippines-health#/?picture=375471900&index=2

Vanderkam, L. (2012, Oct. 8). Stop checking your email, now. CNNMoney. Retrieved from http://management.fortune.cnn.com/2012/10/08/stop-checking-your-email-now/

World Earthquakes. (2012). World earthquakes: Live earthquake news and highlights. Retrieved from http://www.worldearthquakes.com/index.php?option=ethq_prediction

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