What is your personal definition of learning? How do your ideas about learning compare with the definition of learning presented in this text?
What kinds of things have you learned through the process of classical conditioning? Operant conditioning? Observational learning? How did you learn them?
Can you think of an example in your life of how classical conditioning has produced a positive emotional response, such as happiness or excitement? How about a negative emotional response, such as fear, anxiety, or anger?
Explain the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment, and provide several examples of each based on your own experiences.
Think of a behavior that you have that you would like to change. How could you use behavior modification, specifically positive reinforcement, to change your behavior? What is your positive reinforcer?
What is something you have learned how to do after watching someone else?