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alternative therapies
nonmainstream approaches that are used in place of conventional Western medical care
traditional Hindu form of medicine from India that is based on the idea that disease is caused by an imbalance in the body
person whose gender identity matches their sex assigned at birth
when a culture emphasizes the importance of the community over the individual
complementary therapies
nonmainstream approaches to health that are used alongside conventional Western medical care
cultural blindness
belief that all cultural groups are the same and share identical experiences
cultural competency
skill of applying evidence-based nursing care in agreement with the cultural values, beliefs, worldview, and practices of clients to produce improved client outcomes
cultural diversity
existence of societies, communities, or subcultures that differ substantially from one another
cultural humility
respecting and learning about the cultures of others while exploring one’s own cultural biases
cultural imposition
imposition of one’s own values, beliefs, and practices upon another person or group
cultural negotiation
process where the client and nurse seek a mutually acceptable way to deal with competing interests of nursing care, prescribed medical care, and the client’s cultural needs
cultural self-awareness
person’s understanding of their own culture and its impact on themselves
culturally responsive care
when an individual’s cultural beliefs are integrated into their health care
set of beliefs, attitudes, and practices shared by a group of people or community that is accepted, followed, and passed down to other members of the group
culture conflict
tension or opposition between different cultures
holistic practice traditional to Hispanic cultures that is rooted in beliefs that health is achieved through the right balance of mind, body, and spirit
belief that one’s culture (or race, ethnicity, country) is better and preferable to another’s
gender identity
individual’s deeply held sense of their gender, which may or may not align with the sex assigned to them at birth
health disparities
health outcomes impacted by social determinants of health that represent preventable differences experienced by underrepresented individuals
health equality
when nurses treat all clients as individuals, show respect for their personal choices and differences, and recognize their dignity and human rights
health equity
when everyone has a fair opportunity to obtain optimal health
using natural products in extremely diluted doses to treat illness
practice of creating an environment in which individuals of all backgrounds feel respected, valued, and supported
culture that focuses on the importance of the individual over community
component of cultural humility that involves a respect for the client’s culture and openness to their beliefs and experiences
component of cultural humility that consists of a personal awareness of one’s own limited knowledge of the client’s culture
principle and moral obligation to act on the basis of equality and equity
belief that races are distinct from one another, and that there is a hierarchy to race, implying that races are unequal
sexual orientation
person’s physical and emotional interest or desire for others
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
ancient practice based on the ideas of qi and yin and yang
traditional healing
various medicines and healing practices around the world that differ from the modern, Western health-care system
transcultural nursing
incorporates cultural beliefs and practices of individuals to help them maintain and regain health or to face death in a meaningful way
person whose gender identity or expression differs from traditional cultural gender roles for one’s sex assigned at birth

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