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anorexia nervosa
self-induced restriction of food due to fear of weight gain that results in weight being below the normal parameters for age and height
avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID)
disturbance with eating or feeding where nutritional or energy needs are continuously not met
binge eating disorder
repeated episodes of excessive eating in shorter amounts of time than most people would eat in that situation, accompanied by significant lack of control over eating
binge eating/purging type anorexia
kind of anorexia where binge eating and/or purging is used to achieve weight loss
binge-purge cycle
cycle of out-of-control consumption of large amounts of food in a short period of time followed by methods to prevent weight gain
body mass index (BMI)
value that is calculated from an individual’s height and weight
bulimia nervosa
recurrent episodes of binge eating that are followed by behaviors to prevent weight gain like purging
cognitive distortion
irrational or exaggerated thinking patterns
control issues
where clients with binge eating disorder consume large amounts of food and have the inability to stop eating
intense desire for something
differential reinforcement
strategy used to redirect an unwanted behavior to more favorable activities
eating disorder
illness where there is an abnormal disturbance in attitudes and behaviors related to food
family-based care
treatment approach that involves partnering with the clients’ families in care planning and decision making
how much genes influence differences in traits
ideal body weight
height and weight with the lowest risk for mortality
soft, fine hair that typically covers the face and back of newborns
another term used for rumination syndrome, an eating disorder where food is repeatedly regurgitated and rechewed or spat out after being ingested
items that lack nutritional value
nutritional deficiency
reduction in the essential nutrients that are needed to maintain adequate bodily functions
consuming large amounts of ice
eating disorder where an individual repeatedly consumes nonfood items that lack nutritional benefits
the gradual starting of oral intake for a client with anorexia nervosa
refeeding syndrome
rapid changes in fluid and electrolytes causing complications like cardiac arrhythmias, delirium, coma, and even death
when food that has been ingested is effortlessly brought back into the mouth
restricting type anorexia
where weight loss is achieved by dieting, fasting, or extreme exercise
when gastrointestinal related, is when ingested food is repeatedly regurgitated and rechewed or spat out
rumination syndrome
an eating disorder where food is repeatedly regurgitated and rechewed or spat out after being ingested
social norms
socially accepted practices
thought-shape fusion
type of distortion seen with eating disorders like anorexia where there are altered beliefs about food, weight, and shape

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