In this chapter, we discovered the critical nature of marketing research on the success of a business. Big data, marketing intelligence, and marketing information systems were defined, and each was explained regarding its impact on the field of marketing research. Next, we learned about the seven steps of the marketing research process and how each step builds toward an actionable plan by management. The difference between secondary and primary data was clarified, and several sources of each were shared. Finally, ethical decision-making in research is essential as some very detailed information about consumers is collected.