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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
PB1.

LO 14.1You are the president of Duke Company and are leading the company through the process of incorporation. The next step is determining the type of stock the company should offer. You are relying on feedback from several key executives at Duke to help you assess the wisdom in this decision. Prepare a memo to your executive team outlining the differences between common stock and preferred stock. The memo should be complete enough to assist them with assessing differences and providing you with robust feedback.

PB2.

LO 14.1You are the president of Duke Company and are leading the company through the process of incorporation. The company has determined that common stock shares will be issued, but several key executives at Duke are not quite sure they understand the preemptive right feature associated with common shares. Prepare a memo to your executive team outlining the meaning of this right.

PB3.

LO 14.2Autumn Corporation was organized in August. It is authorized to issue 100,000 shares of $100 par value 7% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $5 par value common stock. During the year, the corporation had the following transactions:

Aug. 22 Issued 2,000 shares of preferred stock at $105 per share
Sep. 3 Issued 80,000 shares of common stock at $13.25 per share
Oct. 11 Issued 12,000 shares of common stock for land valued at $156,000. The stock is currently trading at $12 per share, and the stock’s trading value is a more accurate determinant of the land’s value.
Nov. 12 Issued 5,000 shares of common stock at $15 per share
Dec. 5 Issued 1,000 shares of preferred stock at $112 per share

Journalize the transactions.

PB4.

LO 14.2MacKenzie Mining Corporation is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of $500 par value 7% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 5,000,000 shares of $3 par value common stock. In its first year, the corporation has the following transactions:

May 1 Issued 3,000 shares of preferred stock for cash at $750 per share
May 23 Issued 6,000 shares of common stock at $12.50 per share
Jun. 10 Issued 5,000 shares of common stock for equipment without a readily determinable value. The stock is currently trading at $11 per share

Journalize the transactions.

PB5.

LO 14.2Paydirt Limestone, Incorporated was organized several years ago and was authorized to issue 3,000,000 shares of $40 par value 9% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 3,750,000 shares of $2 par value common stock. In its fifth year, the corporation has the following transactions:

Mar. 1 Purchased 2,000 shares of its own common stock at $15 per share
Apr. 10 Reissued 1,000 shares of its common stock held in the treasury for $18 per share.
Jun. 12 Reissued 1,000 shares of common stock at $12 per share

Journalize the transactions.

PB6.

LO 14.3Tent & Tarp Corporation is a manufacturer of outdoor camping equipment. The company was incorporated ten years ago. It is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of $10 par value 5% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. It has issued 5,000 common shares and none of the preferred shares. Tent & Tarp has the following transactions:

Mar. 1 Declares a cash dividend of $3 per share
Mar. 30 Pays the cash dividend
Jul. 10 Declares a 35% stock dividend when the stock is trading at $15 per share
Aug. 5 Issues the stock dividend

Journalize these transactions.

PB7.

LO 14.3Tent & Tarp Corporation is a manufacturer of outdoor camping equipment. The company was incorporated ten years ago. It is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of $10 par value 5% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. It has issued 5,000 common shares and none of the preferred shares. Tent & Tarp has the following transactions:

Mar. 1 Declares a cash dividend of $5 per share
Mar. 30 Pays the cash dividend
Jul. 10 Declares a property dividend of one 6-person camping tent per share of stock when the price per tent is $150.

Journalize these transactions.

PB8.

LO 14.3Tent & Tarp Corporation is a manufacturer of outdoor camping equipment. The company was incorporated ten years ago. It is authorized to issue 50,000 shares of $10 par value 5% preferred stock. It is also authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. It has issued 5,000 common shares and 2,000 of the preferred shares. The corporation has never declared a dividend and the preferred shares are one years in arrears. Tent & Tarp has the following transactions:

Mar. 1 Declares a cash dividend of $10,000
Mar. 30 Pays the cash dividend
Jul. 10 Declares a 5-for-1 stock split of its common shares

Journalize these transactions. For the stock split, show the calculation for how many shares are outstanding after the split and the par value per share after the split

PB9.

LO 14.4You are a CPA working with sole proprietors. Several of your clients are considering incorporating because they need to expand and grow. One client is curious about how her financial reports will change. She’s heard that she may need to prepare a statement of retained earnings and a statement of stockholder’s equity. She’s confused about the difference between the two and what they report. How would you explain the characteristics and functions of the two types of statements?

PB10.

LO 14.4You are a consultant for several emerging, high growth technology firms that were started locally and have been a part of a business incubator in your area. These firms start out as sole proprietorships but quickly realize the need for more capital and often incorporate. One of the common questions you get is about stockholder’s equity. Explain the key ways the companies need to view retained earnings if they want to use it as a source of capital for future expansion and growth after incorporating.

PB11.

LO 14.4You are the accountant for Trumpet and Trombone Manufacturing, Inc. and you oversee the preparation of financial statements for the year just ended 6/30/2020. You have the following information from the company’s general ledger and other financial reports (all balances are end-of-year except for those noted otherwise):

Cash 18,000, Common stock 16,000, Accounts receivable 19,000, Accounts payable 11,000, Cash dividends declared for the year 12,000, Additional paid-in capital 17,000, Prepaid insurance 15,000, Unearned revenue 14,000, Retained earnings beginning of the year 26,000, Net income for the year 39,000.

Prepare the company’s Statement of Retained Earnings

PB12.

LO 14.5You have some funds that you would like to invest and you are relying heavily on the EPS calculation to help you make your decision. Initially you are baffled about why preferred dividends are subtracted in the numerator and why a weighted average is used in the denominator, so you do some research and reflection and come to understand why. Your friend is interested in hearing about your thought process. How would you explain to your friend why it’s important to subtract preferred dividends and to use weighted averages?

PB13.

LO 14.5You are a consultant working with various companies that are considering incorporating and listing shares on a stock exchange. One of your clients asks you about the various acronyms she has been hearing in conjunction with financial analysis. Explain the following acronyms and how they measure different things but may complement each other: EPS (earnings per share), EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization), and NOPAT (net operating profit after taxes).

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