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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
1.

LO 13.1An amortization table ________.

  1. breaks each payment into the amount that goes toward interest and the amount that goes toward the principal
  2. is a special table used in a break room to make people feel equitable
  3. separates time value of money tables into present value and future value
  4. separates time value of money tables into single amounts and streams of cash
2.

LO 13.1A debenture is ________.

  1. the interest paid on a bond
  2. a type of bond that can be sold back to the issuing company whenever the bondholder wishes
  3. a bond with only the company’s word that they will pay it back
  4. a bond with assets such as land to back their word that they will pay it back
3.

LO 13.1The principal of a bond is ________.

  1. the person who sold the bond for the company
  2. the person who bought the bond
  3. the interest rate printed on the front of the bond
  4. the face amount of the bond that will be paid back at maturity
4.

LO 13.1A convertible bond can be converted into ________.

  1. preferred stock
  2. common stock and then converted into preferred stock
  3. common stock of a different company
  4. common stock of the company
5.

LO 13.1On January 1, a company issued a 5-year $100,000 bond at 6%. Interest payments on the bond of $6,000 are to be made annually. If the company received proceeds of $112,300, how would the bond’s issuance be quoted?

  1. 1.123
  2. 112.30
  3. 0.890
  4. 89.05
6.

LO 13.1On July 1, a company sells 8-year $250,000 bonds with a stated interest rate of 6%. If interest payments are paid annually, each interest payment will be ________.

  1. $120,000
  2. $60,000
  3. $7,500
  4. $15,000
7.

LO 13.1On January 1 a company issues a $75,000 bond that pays interest semi-annually. The first interest payment of $1,875 is paid on July 1. What is the stated annual interest rate on the bond?

  1. 5.00%
  2. 2.50%
  3. 1.25%
  4. 10.00%
8.

LO 13.1On October 1 a company sells a 3-year, $2,500,000 bond with an 8% stated interest rate. Interest is paid quarterly and the bond is sold at 89.35. On October 1 the company would collect ________.

  1. $200,000
  2. $558,438
  3. $2,233,750
  4. $6,701,250
9.

LO 13.1On April 1 a company sells a 5-year, $60,000 bond with a 7% stated interest rate. The market interest on that day was also 7%. If interest is paid quarterly, the company makes interest payments of ________.

  1. $1,050
  2. $3,150
  3. $4,200
  4. $5,250
10.

LO 13.2The effective-interest method of bond amortization finds the difference between the ________ times the ________ and the ________ times the ________.

  1. stated interest rate, principal, stated interest rate, carrying value
  2. stated interest rate, principal, market interest rate, carrying value
  3. stated interest rate, carrying value, market interest rate, principal
  4. market interest rate, carrying value, market interest rate, principal
11.

LO 13.2When a bond sells at a discount, the carrying value ________ after each amortization entry.

  1. increases
  2. decreases
  3. stays the same
  4. cannot be determined
12.

LO 13.2The International Financial Reporting Standards require the use of ________.

  1. any method of amortization of bond premiums
  2. the straight-line method of amortization of bond discounts
  3. the effective-interest method of amortization of bond premiums and discounts
  4. any method approved by US GAAP
13.

LO 13.2The cash interest payment a corporation makes to its bondholders is based on ________.

  1. the market rate times the carrying value
  2. the stated rate times the principal
  3. the stated rate times the carrying value
  4. the market rate times the principal
14.

LO 13.2Whirlie Inc. issued $300,000 face value, 10% paid annually, 10-year bonds for $319,251 when the market of interest was 9%. The company uses the effective-interest method of amortization. At the end of the year, the company will record ________.

  1. a credit to cash for $28,733
  2. a debit to interest expense for $31,267
  3. a debit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $1,267
  4. a debit to Premium on Bonds Payable for $1.267
15.

LO 13.3Naval Inc. issued $200,000 face value bonds at a discount and received $190,000. At the end of 2018, the balance in the Discount on Bonds Payable account is $5,000. This year’s balance sheet will show a net liability of ________.

  1. $200,000
  2. $180,000
  3. $195,000
  4. $205,000
16.

LO 13.3Keys Inc. issued 100 bonds with a face value of $1,000 and a rate of 8% at $1,025 each. The journal entry to record this transaction includes ________.

  1. a credit to Bonds Payable for $102,500
  2. a credit to cash for $102,500
  3. a debit to cash for $100,000
  4. a credit to Premium on Bonds Payable for $2,500
17.

LO 13.3Huang Inc. issued 100 bonds with a face value of $1,000 and a 5-year term at $960 each. The journal entry to record this transaction includes ________.

  1. a debit to Bonds Payable for $100,000
  2. a debit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $4,000
  3. a credit to cash for $96,000
  4. a credit to Discount on Bonds Payable for $4,000
18.

LO 13.3O’Shea Inc. issued bonds at a face value of $100,000, a rate of 6%, and a 5-year term for $98,000. From this information, we know that the market rate of interest was ________.

  1. more than 6%
  2. less than 6%
  3. equal to 6%
  4. cannot be determined from the information given.
19.

LO 13.3Gingko Inc. issued bonds with a face value of $100,000, a rate of 7%, and a 10-yearterm for $103,000. From this information, we know that the market rate of interest was ________.

  1. more than 7%
  2. less than 7%
  3. equal to 7%
  4. equal to 1.3%
20.

LO 13.4The difference between equity financing and debt financing is that

  1. equity financing involves borrowing money.
  2. equity financing involves selling part of the company.
  3. debt financing involves selling part of the company.
  4. debt financing means the company has no debt.
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