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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
PB1.

LO 11.1Selected accounts from Hanna Corporation’s trial balance are as follows. Prepare the assets section of the company’s balance sheet.

Hanna Corporation. Trial Balance December 31 (Selected Accounts). Debit: Cash 150,000; Short-term Marketable Securities 145,000; Accounts Receivable 26,000; Inventories 90,000; Other Current Assets 10,000; Land 350,000; Equipment 145,000; Goodwill 40,000; Other Intangible Assets 20,000. Credit: Accumulated Depreciation: Equipment 10,000.
PB2.

LO 11.1Selected accounts from Boxwood Corporation’s trial balance are as follows. Prepare the detailed schedule showing the Property, Plant, and Equipment.

Boxwood Corporation. Trial Balance December 31 (Selected Accounts). Debit: Cash 500,000; Short-term Marketable Securities 675,000; Accounts Receivable 149,000; Inventories 180,000; Other Current Assets 50,000; Land 700,000; Buildings 1,800,000; Equipment 1,150,000; Goodwill 140,000; and Other Intangible Assets 200,000. Credit: Accumulated Depreciation: Buildings 140,000; Accumulated Depreciation: Equipment 50,000.
PB3.

LO 11.2During the current year, Alanna Co. had the following transactions pertaining to its new office building.

Purchase Price of Land $240,000; Legal Fees for Contracts to Purchase Land 6,000; Architect Fees 8,000; Demolition of the Old Building on Site 15,000; Sale of Scrap from Old Building 10,000; Construction Cost of New Building 500,000.
  1. What should Alanna Co. record on its books for the land? The total cost of land includes all costs of preparing the land for use. The demolition cost of the old building is added to the land costs, and the sale of the old building scrap is subtracted from the land cost.
  2. What should Alanna Co. record on its books for the building?
PB4.

LO 11.2During the current year, Arkells Inc. made the following expenditures relating to plant machinery.

  • Renovated seven machines for $250,000 to improve efficiency in production of their remaining useful life of eight years
  • Low-cost repairs throughout the year totaled $79,000
  • Replaced a broken gear on a machine for $6,000
    1. What amount should be expensed during the period?
    2. What amount should be capitalized during the period?
PB5.

LO 11.2Johnson, Incorporated, had the following transactions during the year:

  • Purchased a building for $5,000,000 using a mortgage for financing
  • Paid $2,000 for ordinary repair on a piece of equipment
  • Sold product on account to customers for $1,500,600
  • Paid $20,000 cash to add a storage shed in the corner of an existing building
  • Paid $360,000 in monthly salaries
  • Paid $25,000 for routine maintenance on equipment
  • Paid $110,000 for extraordinary repairs
  • Depreciation expense recorded for the year is $15,000.

If all transactions were recorded properly, what is the amount of increase to the Property, Plant, and Equipment section of Johnson’s balance sheet resulting from this year’s transactions? What amount did Johnson report on the income statement for expenses for the year?

PB6.

LO 11.3Underwood’s Miners recently purchased the rights to a diamond mine. It is estimated that there are two million tons of ore within the mine. Underwood’s paid $46,000,000 for the rights and expects to harvest the ore over the next fifteen years. The following is the expected extraction for the next five years.

  • Year 1: 50,000 tons
  • Year 2: 900,000 tons
  • Year 3: 400,000 tons
  • Year 4: 210,000 tons
  • Year 5: 150,000 tons

Calculate the depletion expense for the next five years and create the journal entry for year one.

PB7.

LO 11.3Tree Lovers Inc. purchased 2,500 acres of woodland in which it intends to harvest the complete forest, leaving the land barren and worthless. Tree Lovers paid $5,000,000 for the land. Tree Lovers will sell the lumber as it is harvested and it expects to deplete it over ten years (150 acres in year one, 300 acres in year two, 250 acres in year three, 150 acres in year four, and 100 acres in year five). Calculate the depletion expense for the next five years and create the journal entry for year one.

PB8.

LO 11.3Montello Inc. purchases a delivery truck for $25,000. The truck has a salvage value of $6,000 and is expected to be driven for 125,000 miles. Montello uses the units-of-production depreciation method, and in year one the company expects the truck to be driven for 26,000 miles; in year two, 30,000 miles; and in year three, 40,000 miles. Consider how the purchase of the truck will impact Montello’s depreciation expense each year and what the truck’s book value will be each year after depreciation expense is recorded.

PB9.

LO 13.4Prepare the assets section of the balance sheet as of December 31 for Hooper’s International using the following information:

Cash 900,000; Equipment $580,000; Accounts receivable $90,000; Copyright $60,000 (after amortization expense was recorded); Copyright amortization expense $2,000; Inventory $120,000; Patent $20,000; Building $1,500,000; Depreciation expense building $56,000; Depreciation expense equipment $43,000; Accumulated depreciation building $112,000; Accumulated depreciation equipment $86,000; Sales revenue $590,000; Cost of goods sold $235,000; Selling, general, and administrative expenses $110,000; Goodwill $29,000.
PB10.

LO 11.4For each of the following unrelated situations, calculate the annual amortization expense and prepare a journal entry to record the expense:

  1. A patent with a seventeen-year remaining legal life was purchased for $850,000. The patent will be usable for another six years.
  2. A patent was acquired on a new tablet. The cost of the patent itself was only $12,000, but the market value of the patent is $150,000. The company expects to be able to use this patent for all twenty years of its life.
PB11.

LO 11.4On May 1, 2015, Zoe Inc. purchased Branta Corp. for $15,000,000 in cash. They only received $12,000,000 in net assets. In 2016, the market value of the goodwill obtained from Branta Corp. was valued at $4,000,000, but in 2017 it dropped to $2,000,000. Prepare the journal entry for the creation of goodwill and the entry to record any impairments to it in subsequent years.

PB12.

LO 11.4Farm Fresh Agriculture Company purchased Sunny Side Egg Distribution for $400,000 cash when Sunny Side had net assets worth $390,000.

  1. What is the amount of goodwill in this transaction?
  2. What is Farm Fresh Agriculture Company’s journal entry to record the purchase of Sunny Side Egg Distribution?
  3. What journal entry should Farm Fresh Agriculture Company write when the company tests for impairment and determines that goodwill is worth $1,000 in the year following the purchase of Sunny Side?
PB13.

LO 11.5Montezuma Inc. purchases a delivery truck for $20,000. The truck has a salvage value of $8,000 and is expected to be driven for ten years. Montezuma uses the straight-line depreciation method. Calculate the annual depreciation expense. After five years of recording depreciation, Montezuma determines that the delivery truck will be useful for another five years (ten years in total, as originally expected) and that the salvage value will increase to $10,000. Determine the depreciation expense for the final five years of the asset’s life, and create the journal entry for years 6–10 (the entry will be the same for each of the five years).

PB14.

LO 11.5Garcia Co. owns equipment that costs $150,000, with accumulated depreciation of $65,000. Garcia sells the equipment for cash. Record the journal entry for the sale of the equipment if Garcia were to sell the equipment for the following amounts:

  1. $90,000 cash
  2. $85,000 cash
  3. $80,000 cash
PB15.

LO 11.5Urquhart Global purchases a building to house its administrative offices for $500,000. The best estimate of the salvage value at the time of purchase was $45,000, and it is expected to be used for forty years. Urquhart uses the straight-line depreciation method for all buildings. After ten years of recording depreciation, Urquhart determines that the building will be useful for a total of fifty years instead of forty. Calculate annual depreciation expense for the first ten years. Determine the depreciation expense for the final forty years of the asset’s life, and create the journal entry for year eleven.

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