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Principles of Finance

# Review Questions

Principles of FinanceReview Questions

1 .
Intelligent Cookies Inc. (ICI) sold $30,000,000 of product in a year that had a cost of goods sold of$10,000,000. The average inventory carried by ICI was $500,000. On average, it takes 35 days for ICI’s customers, such as grocery stores and restaurants, to pay on their accounts. ICI buys ingredients, including flour, spices, and eggs, from its vendors on credit, and ICI takes about 40 days to pay its suppliers. How many days is ICI’s cash conversion cycle? 2 . Shown below are account balances for Electra Engines Inc., a manufacturer. The accounts are shown in a random order. What is the amount of net working capital? 3 . Shown below are account balances for Electra Engines Inc., a manufacturer. The accounts are shown in a random order. What is the current ratio and the quick ratio? 4 . Imagine that these are the cash collection cycles for some well-run companies: What types of conclusions can you reach when you see this kind of variability? Imagine that those cash conversion cycles are based on this information: What would be your analysis of the cash conversion cycles based on the above information (inventory turnover, accounts receivable turnover, and accounts payable turnover)? Use the worksheet below to summarize your conclusions. Worksheet 5 . What is the estimated annual percentage rate (APR) of not taking advantage of the early payment discount based on these terms: 4/15, n/45? 6 . If you were a credit manager reviewing a potential customer’s request for a$20,000 line of credit, what would you analyze? Generally, how would the 5Cs of Credit guide your analysis and help lead you to a prudent decision to accept or reject the request?
7 .
Aspire Excellent Inc. is a book publisher. On March 1, Aspire sells $25,000 of books to Get Your Books Inc. (YBI), a large bookstore chain. The sale is made on account with terms net 60. Aspire’s customers usually take the full 60 days to pay their invoices. The books cost Aspire$10,000 to manufacture. Below, summarize the effect on the accounts on March 1 from the standpoint of the seller, Aspire Excellent Inc., and the buyer, YBI.

8 .
The financial manager of New England Blissful Dairies, a distributor of milk, cream, and ice cream products, has finished the 12-month operating budget. For the month of June, the following projections were made:

June 1 Cash Balance $90,000 Cash Receipts$300,000
Cash Disbursement $350,000 Taking into account an amount of cash that the firm likes to maintain as a target (minimum cash balance) of$75,000, prepare the cash budget for June using the format below. Assume that, if necessary, the company will draw upon a preestablished line of credit with their bank to be able to maintain the target cash balance.

Will the company need short-term financing?

9 .
The sales for Re-Works Inc., a company that fabricates iron fencing from recycled metals, are all on account. For the first three months of the year, Re-Works management expects the following sales:

Based on past collection patterns, management expects the following:

Also, based on past experience, management forecasts that 5 percent of accounts receivable will be uncollectible and will eventually be written off.

What are the expected cash receipts for March?

10 .
With the same sales forecasts as in question 9, Re-Works Inc. management would like to implement some changes to credit policy and credit terms that they believe would change the collection pattern going forward and would lower the uncollectible accounts prediction to 3 percent.

What would be the expected cash receipts for March?

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