Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

Key Terms

PrealgebraKey Terms

Key Terms

A number paired with a point on a number line is called the coordinate of the point.
counting numbers
The counting numbers are the numbers 1, 2, 3, ….
The difference is the result of subtracting two or more numbers.
When dividing two numbers, the dividend is the number being divided.
When dividing two numbers, the divisor is the number dividing the dividend.
number line
A number line is used to visualize numbers. The numbers on the number line get larger as they go from left to right, and smaller as they go from right to left.
The origin is the point labeled 0 on a number line.
place value system
Our number system is called a place value system because the value of a digit depends on its position, or place, in a number.
The product is the result of multiplying two or more numbers.
The quotient is the result of dividing two numbers.
The process of approximating a number is called rounding.
The sum is the result of adding two or more numbers.
whole numbers
The whole numbers are the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, ….
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Feb 9, 2022 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.