### Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

- Solve coin word problems
- Solve ticket and stamp word problems

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

Multiply: $14\left(0.25\right).$

If you missed this problem, review Example 5.15.

Simplify: $100\left(0.2+0.05n\right).$

If you missed this problem, review Example 7.22.

Solve: $0.25x+0.10\left(x+4\right)=2.5$

If you missed this problem, review Example 8.44.

### Solve Coin Word Problems

Imagine taking a handful of coins from your pocket or purse and placing them on your desk. How would you determine the value of that pile of coins?

If you can form a step-by-step plan for finding the total value of the coins, it will help you as you begin solving coin word problems.

One way to bring some order to the mess of coins would be to separate the coins into stacks according to their value. Quarters would go with quarters, dimes with dimes, nickels with nickels, and so on. To get the total value of all the coins, you would add the total value of each pile.

How would you determine the value of each pile? Think about the dime pile—how much is it worth? If you count the number of dimes, you'll know how many you have—the *number* of dimes.

But this does not tell you the *value* of all the dimes. Say you counted $17$ dimes, how much are they worth? Each dime is worth $\text{\$0.10}$—that is the *value* of one dime. To find the total value of the pile of $17$ dimes, multiply $17$ by $\text{\$0.10}$ to get $\text{\$1.70}.$ This is the total value of all $17$ dimes.

### Finding the Total Value for Coins of the Same Type

For coins of the same type, the total value can be found as follows:

where *number* is the number of coins, *value* is the value of each coin, and *total value* is the total value of all the coins.

You could continue this process for each type of coin, and then you would know the total value of each type of coin. To get the total value of *all* the coins, add the total value of each type of coin.

Let's look at a specific case. Suppose there are $14$ quarters, $17$ dimes, $21$ nickels, and $39$ pennies. We'll make a table to organize the information – the type of coin, the number of each, and the value.

Type | $\text{Number}$ | $\text{Value (\$)}$ | $\text{Total Value (\$)}$ |
---|---|---|---|

Quarters | $14$ | $0.25$ | $3.50$ |

Dimes | $17$ | $0.10$ | $1.70$ |

Nickels | $21$ | $0.05$ | $1.05$ |

Pennies | $39$ | $0.01$ | $0.39$ |

$6.64$ |

The total value of all the coins is $\text{\$6.64}.$ Notice how Table 9.1 helped us organize all the information. Let's see how this method is used to solve a coin word problem.

### Example 9.11

Adalberto has $\text{\$2.25}$ in dimes and nickels in his pocket. He has nine more nickels than dimes. How many of each type of coin does he have?

Michaela has $\text{\$2.05}$ in dimes and nickels in her change purse. She has seven more dimes than nickels. How many coins of each type does she have?

Liliana has $\text{\$2.10}$ in nickels and quarters in her backpack. She has $12$ more nickels than quarters. How many coins of each type does she have?

### How To

#### Solve a coin word problem.

- Step 1.
**Read**the problem. Make sure you understand all the words and ideas, and create a table to organize the information. - Step 2.
**Identify**what you are looking for. - Step 3.
**Name**what you are looking for. Choose a variable to represent that quantity.- Use variable expressions to represent the number of each type of coin and write them in the table.
- Multiply the number times the value to get the total value of each type of coin.

- Step 4.
**Translate**into an equation. Write the equation by adding the total values of all the types of coins. - Step 5.
**Solve**the equation using good algebra techniques. - Step 6.
**Check**the answer in the problem and make sure it makes sense. - Step 7.
**Answer**the question with a complete sentence.

You may find it helpful to put all the numbers into the table to make sure they check.

Type | Number | Value ($) | Total Value |
---|---|---|---|

### Example 9.12

Maria has $\text{\$2.43}$ in quarters and pennies in her wallet. She has twice as many pennies as quarters. How many coins of each type does she have?

Sumanta has $\text{\$4.20}$ in nickels and dimes in her desk drawer. She has twice as many nickels as dimes. How many coins of each type does she have?

Alison has three times as many dimes as quarters in her purse. She has $\text{\$9.35}$ altogether. How many coins of each type does she have?

In the next example, we'll show only the completed table—make sure you understand how to fill it in step by step.

### Example 9.13

Danny has $\text{\$2.14}$ worth of pennies and nickels in his piggy bank. The number of nickels is two more than ten times the number of pennies. How many nickels and how many pennies does Danny have?

Jesse has $\text{\$6.55}$ worth of quarters and nickels in his pocket. The number of nickels is five more than two times the number of quarters. How many nickels and how many quarters does Jesse have?

Elaine has $\text{\$7.00}$ in dimes and nickels in her coin jar. The number of dimes that Elaine has is seven less than three times the number of nickels. How many of each coin does Elaine have?

### Solve Ticket and Stamp Word Problems

The strategies we used for coin problems can be easily applied to some other kinds of problems too. Problems involving tickets or stamps are very similar to coin problems, for example. Like coins, tickets and stamps have different values; so we can organize the information in tables much like we did for coin problems.

### Example 9.14

At a school concert, the total value of tickets sold was $\text{\$1,506}.$ Student tickets sold for $\text{\$6}$ each and adult tickets sold for $\text{\$9}$ each. The number of adult tickets sold was $5$ less than three times the number of student tickets sold. How many student tickets and how many adult tickets were sold?

The first day of a water polo tournament, the total value of tickets sold was $\text{\$17,610}.$ One-day passes sold for $\text{\$20}$ and tournament passes sold for $\text{\$30}.$ The number of tournament passes sold was $37$ more than the number of day passes sold. How many day passes and how many tournament passes were sold?

At the movie theater, the total value of tickets sold was $\text{\$2,612.50}.$ Adult tickets sold for $\text{\$10}$ each and senior/child tickets sold for $\text{\$7.50}$ each. The number of senior/child tickets sold was $25$ less than twice the number of adult tickets sold. How many senior/child tickets and how many adult tickets were sold?

Now we'll do one where we fill in the table all at once.

### Example 9.15

Monica paid $\text{\$10.44}$ for stamps she needed to mail the invitations to her sister's baby shower. The number of $\text{49-cent}$ stamps was four more than twice the number of $\text{8-cent}$ stamps. How many $\text{49-cent}$ stamps and how many $\text{8-cent}$ stamps did Monica buy?

Eric paid $\text{\$16.64}$ for stamps so he could mail thank you notes for his wedding gifts. The number of $\text{49-cent}$ stamps was eight more than twice the number of $\text{8-cent}$ stamps. How many $\text{49-cent}$ stamps and how many $\text{8-cent}$ stamps did Eric buy?

Kailee paid $\text{\$14.84}$ for stamps. The number of $\text{49-cent}$ stamps was four less than three times the number of $\text{21-cent}$ stamps. How many $\text{49-cent}$ stamps and how many $\text{21-cent}$ stamps did Kailee buy?

### Section 9.2 Exercises

#### Practice Makes Perfect

**Solve Coin Word Problems**

In the following exercises, solve the coin word problems.

Jaime has $\text{\$2.60}$ in dimes and nickels. The number of dimes is $14$ more than the number of nickels. How many of each coin does he have?

Lee has $\text{\$1.75}$ in dimes and nickels. The number of nickels is $11$ more than the number of dimes. How many of each coin does he have?

Ngo has a collection of dimes and quarters with a total value of $\text{\$3.50}.$ The number of dimes is $7$ more than the number of quarters. How many of each coin does he have?

Connor has a collection of dimes and quarters with a total value of $\text{\$6.30}.$ The number of dimes is $14$ more than the number of quarters. How many of each coin does he have?

Carolyn has $\text{\$2.55}$ in her purse in nickels and dimes. The number of nickels is $9$ less than three times the number of dimes. Find the number of each type of coin.

Julio has $\text{\$2.75}$ in his pocket in nickels and dimes. The number of dimes is $10$ less than twice the number of nickels. Find the number of each type of coin.

Chi has $\text{\$11.30}$ in dimes and quarters. The number of dimes is $3$ more than three times the number of quarters. How many dimes and nickels does Chi have?

Tyler has $\text{\$9.70}$ in dimes and quarters. The number of quarters is $8$ more than four times the number of dimes. How many of each coin does he have?

A cash box of $\text{\$1}$ and $\text{\$5}$ bills is worth $\text{\$45}.$ The number of $\text{\$1}$ bills is $3$ more than the number of $\text{\$5}$ bills. How many of each bill does it contain?

Joe's wallet contains $\text{\$1}$ and $\text{\$5}$ bills worth $\text{\$47}.$ The number of $\text{\$1}$ bills is $5$ more than the number of $\text{\$5}$ bills. How many of each bill does he have?

In a cash drawer there is $\text{\$125}$ in $\text{\$5}$ and $\text{\$10}$ bills. The number of $\text{\$10}$ bills is twice the number of $\text{\$5}$ bills. How many of each are in the drawer?

John has $\text{\$175}$ in $\text{\$5}$ and $\text{\$10}$ bills in his drawer. The number of $\text{\$5}$ bills is three times the number of $\text{\$10}$ bills. How many of each are in the drawer?

Mukul has $\text{\$3.75}$ in quarters, dimes and nickels in his pocket. He has five more dimes than quarters and nine more nickels than quarters. How many of each coin are in his pocket?

Vina has $\text{\$4.70}$ in quarters, dimes and nickels in her purse. She has eight more dimes than quarters and six more nickels than quarters. How many of each coin are in her purse?

**Solve Ticket and Stamp Word Problems**

In the following exercises, solve the ticket and stamp word problems.

The play took in $\text{\$550}$ one night. The number of $8 adult tickets was $10$ less than twice the number of $\text{\$5}$ child tickets. How many of each ticket were sold?

If the number of $\text{\$8}$ child tickets is seventeen less than three times the number of $\text{\$12}$ adult tickets and the theater took in $\text{\$584},$ how many of each ticket were sold?

The movie theater took in $\text{\$1,220}$ one Monday night. The number of $\text{\$7}$ child tickets was ten more than twice the number of $\text{\$9}$ adult tickets. How many of each were sold?

The ball game took in $\text{\$1,340}$ one Saturday. The number of $\text{\$12}$ adult tickets was $15$ more than twice the number of $\text{\$5}$ child tickets. How many of each were sold?

Julie went to the post office and bought both $\text{\$0.49}$ stamps and $\text{\$0.34}$ postcards for her office's bills She spent $\text{\$62.60}.$ The number of stamps was $20$ more than twice the number of postcards. How many of each did she buy?

Before he left for college out of state, Jason went to the post office and bought both $\text{\$0.49}$ stamps and $\text{\$0.34}$ postcards and spent $\text{\$12.52}.$ The number of stamps was $4$ more than twice the number of postcards. How many of each did he buy?

Maria spent $\text{\$16.80}$ at the post office. She bought three times as many $\text{\$0.49}$ stamps as $\text{\$0.21}$ stamps. How many of each did she buy?

Hector spent $\text{\$43.40}$ at the post office. He bought four times as many $\text{\$0.49}$ stamps as $\text{\$0.21}$ stamps. How many of each did he buy?

Hilda has $\text{\$210}$ worth of $\text{\$10}$ and $\text{\$12}$ stock shares. The numbers of $\text{\$10}$ shares is $5$ more than twice the number of $\text{\$12}$ shares. How many of each does she have?

Mario invested $\text{\$475}$ in $\text{\$45}$ and $\text{\$25}$ stock shares. The number of $\text{\$25}$ shares was $5$ less than three times the number of $\text{\$45}$ shares. How many of each type of share did he buy?

#### Everyday Math

**Parent Volunteer** As the treasurer of her daughter's Girl Scout troop, Laney collected money for some girls and adults to go to a $\text{3-day}$ camp. Each girl paid $\text{\$75}$ and each adult paid $\text{\$30}.$ The total amount of money collected for camp was $\text{\$765}.$ If the number of girls is three times the number of adults, how many girls and how many adults paid for camp?

**Parent Volunteer** Laurie was completing the treasurer's report for her son's Boy Scout troop at the end of the school year. She didn't remember how many boys had paid the $\text{\$24}$ full-year registration fee and how many had paid a $\text{\$16}$ partial-year fee. She knew that the number of boys who paid for a full-year was ten more than the number who paid for a partial-year. If $\text{\$400}$ was collected for all the registrations, how many boys had paid the full-year fee and how many had paid the partial-year fee?

#### Writing Exercises

Suppose you have $6$ quarters, $9$ dimes, and $4$ pennies. Explain how you find the total value of all the coins.

Do you find it helpful to use a table when solving coin problems? Why or why not?

In the table used to solve coin problems, one column is labeled “number” and another column is labeled ‘“value.” What is the difference between the number and the value?

What similarities and differences did you see between solving the coin problems and the ticket and stamp problems?

#### Self Check

ⓐ After completing the exercises, use this checklist to evaluate your mastery of the objectives of this section.

ⓑ After reviewing this checklist, what will you do to become confident for all objectives?