Physics

# Problems

PhysicsProblems

## 12.2First law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Energy and Work

25 .
Some amount of energy is transferred by heat into a system. The net work done by the system is $50\,\text{J}$, while the increase in its internal energy is $30\,\text{J}$. What is the amount of net heat?
1. ${-80}\,\text{J}$
2. ${-20}\,\text{J}$
3. $20\,\text{J}$
4. $80\,\text{J}$
26 .
Eighty joules are added by heat to a system, while it does $20\,\text{J}$ of work. Later, $30\,\text{J}$ are added by heat to the system, and it does $40\,\text{J}$ of work. What is the change in the system’s internal energy?
1. $30\,\text{J}$
2. $50\,\text{J}$
3. $60\,\text{J}$
4. $110\,\text{J}$

## 12.4Applications of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines, Heat Pumps, and Refrigerators

27.

A coal power station functions at 40.0 percent efficiency. What is the amount of work it does if it takes in 1.20×1012 J by heat?

1. 3×1010 J
2. 4.8×1011 J
3. 3×1012 J
4. 4.8×1013 J
28.

A heat engine functions with 70.7 percent thermal efficiency and consumes 12.0 kJ from heat daily. If its efficiency were raised to 75.0 percent, how much energy from heat would be saved daily, while providing the same output?

1. −10.8 kJ
2. −1.08 kJ
3. 0.7 kJ
4. 7 kJ