Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

a reaction similar to hives that results in swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or larynx
a class of drugs that work to prevent or treat infections
a class of drugs that block the action of acetylcholine, thereby inhibiting nerve impulses responsible for involuntary muscle movements
a class of drugs that decrease smooth muscle motility in the urinary tract, increasing the tone of the urinary sphincter and controlling urination
a class of drugs that are used to control spasms of the stomach, intestines, and bladder
weakness; lack of energy or strength
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
enlargement of the prostate gland
blood dyscrasias
a nonspecific term used to describe any blood-related diseases or conditions
erythema multiforme
a skin disorder characterized by bulls-eye–shaped lesions (a pink center surrounded by a pale border and outer pink ring) that are painful and itchy
exfoliative dermatitis
a skin condition that causes shedding of the top layer of skin
fulminant hepatic necrosis
severe, acute liver failure
interstitial cystitis
a disorder that causes the bladder to store urine before it is passed out of the body, resulting in bladder pain and pressure
phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors
a class of drugs primarily used to treat erectile dysfunction and, in some cases, pulmonary hypertension and benign prostatic hyperplasia
an increased sensitivity to sunlight or artificial light
Stevens–Johnson syndrome
a rare and serious condition of the skin and mucous membranes that causes a painful rash and blisters; can be life-threatening
urinary analgesics
a class of drugs used to relieve pain and discomfort associated with the urinary tract
urinary retention
a condition in which the bladder does not completely empty; the sudden inability to urinate
urinary stimulants
a class of drugs that stimulate the smooth muscles of the urinary bladder
vasomotor response
systemic vasodilation resulting in vertigo and syncope with changes in body position

This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© May 15, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.