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About Nutrition for Nurses

Summary

Nurses play a pivotal role in educating clients about the importance of nutrition in wellness promotion and illness prevention. Nutrition for Nurses emphasizes evidence-based practice and holistic assessment to facilitate the integration of nutritional awareness for pre-licensure nursing students in the provision of client-centered care. This text prepares students to serve as professionals who are part of an interdisciplinary team, which includes registered dieticians and nutritionists, and to emphasize nutrition as a key component of wellness, disease prevention, and disease management.

Nutrition for Nurses is written by nurses and dietitians, and is tailored specifically to nursing students to help them develop sound clinical judgment. The text promotes evidence-based practice and adheres to the nursing process steps of assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Nutrition for Nurses helps students develop nutritional competency that includes explaining the role of macronutrients, micronutrients, and hydration in nutrition; describing the structure and function of the digestive organs; applying the nursing process to assess the impact of nutrition on body systems and disease processes; and evaluating the impact of nutrition on body systems across the lifespan.

Pedagogical Foundation

Nutrition for Nurses is structured to support the flexible integration of nutrition content across both system-based and nursing competency–based curricula and can be used whether nutrition is taught as a stand-alone course or as part of another nursing course. The text tailors the presentation of fundamental nutrition concepts to nursing students, helping to prepare them for nutrition concepts not only throughout the curriculum but also as a prerequisite to pathophysiology and awareness of disease processes. Throughout, the focus is on assessment of the client, including normal and abnormal findings, and the role nutrition plays in the body and its systems as a critical component of wellness. This presentation utilizes concepts promoting the development of clinical judgment by building upon the systematic model developed by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN).

Although the chapters in Nutrition for Nurses are written to be mostly independent, they do generally build on the understanding gained in the four fundamentals chapters in Unit 1. (Please bear this in mind when considering alternate sequence coverage.) Instructors may pair the chapters from this nutrition textbook with similar body system topics in a disease course.

Organizational Framework

The table of contents for Nutrition for Nurses presents content in 20 chapters, organized into 9 thematic units:

  • Unit 1 features four introductory chapters that include foundational nutritional knowledge, the role of interdisciplinary teams, and agency oversight. The functions of macronutrients, micronutrients, hydration, and the physiology of digestion are presented. The discussion of these nutritional components explains how nutrition impacts wellness.
  • Units 2–9 cover the impact of nutrition on the body’s organ systems, including the following systems:
    • Neurological
    • Endocrine
    • Hematological
    • Cardiovascular
    • Pulmonary
    • Renal
    • Gastrointestinal
    • Musculoskeletal and integumentary
  • Each unit covers one body system and includes two chapters; the first chapter helps students apply clinical judgment to promote health and wellness in the identified body system, and the second chapter covers lifespan considerations and body system illness.
  • The appendix identifies common nutritional apps with hyperlinks for easy access to these resources.

Nursing Features

To further enhance learning, Nutrition for Nurses includes the following features:

  • Clinical Tips offer practical suggestions that help nurses deliver quality care to the client—for example, asking clients open-ended questions or helping clients to communicate better with health care professionals.
  • Media boxes provide an opportunity to explore related content that reinforces or extends learning. Examples include a fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) and a video highlighting changes to the Nutrition Facts label.
  • Safety Alerts address provision of care to clients across the wellness continuum and emphasize the importance of quality and safety in client care. Examples include consuming salt substitutes that contain potassium chloride and contraindications for deep palpation.
  • Special Considerations highlight nutritional considerations related to various client categories, including age/life stage, race/ethnicity/culture, or sex/gender. Examples include insulin sensitivity in diverse populations and populations who are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Trending Today boxes present nutritional and nursing trends via the lens of evidence-based practice. This feature contains a variety of social media resources and videos as well as questions for reflective thinking. Examples include promoting wellness with herbs and examining the link between nutrition and aging skin. Some chapters in this book discuss social media with the intended purpose of preparing nurses to handle questions clients will ask about nutritional information they have read online and via social media. References to social media or specific social media sites are not an endorsement of their use as source for nutritional information or self-diagnosis. The authors advise readers to evaluate nutritional resources for their use of evidence-based practice (EBP), which uses scientific evidence rather than anecdotal evidence, and to seek the care of a trained, certified, and experienced health care provider for nutrition-related care.
  • Unfolding Case Studies present a hypothetical client scenario that unfolds in two or more parts throughout the chapter, with each subsequent part presenting new information on the same client, to help foster clinical judgment. In each part of an unfolding case feature, the scenario is followed by two multiple-choice questions that require students to apply their knowledge of evidence-based client care. The answers to these questions, with explanations, are included in the Answer Key for students at the end of the book.

Pedagogical Features

To support student learning, Nutrition for Nurses includes the following standard elements:

  • Learning Outcomes: Every chapter section begins with a set of clear and concise student learning outcomes. These outcomes are designed to help the instructor decide what content to include or assign and can guide students on what they can expect to learn and be assessed on.
  • Review Questions: This end-of-chapter feature presents multiple-choice questions for students to apply their learned knowledge and integrate the chapter (and unit) concepts. The questions focus on client scenarios and body system and nutritional concepts review as relevant to the chapter material. The question answers, with explanations, are included in the Answer Key for students at the end of the book.
  • Chapter Summary: Chapter summaries assist both students and instructors by outlining the primary subtopics addressed within the chapter.
  • Key Terms: Key terms are presented in bold text and are followed by an explanation in context. Definitions of key terms are also listed in the end-of-chapter glossary.
  • Suggested Reading: All chapters include a recommended list of readings that either go into more depth about topics already covered in the chapter or provide content closely related to those topics in order to form a more comprehensive view.
  • References: References are listed at the end of the book, organized by chapter.

About the Authors

Senior Contributing Authors

Headshots of Emerald Charity Bilbrew, Jody Vogelzang, Kelli Whittington
Senior contributing authors: Emerald Charity Bilbrew (left),
Jody Vogelzang (middle), Kelli Whittington (right)

Dr. Emerald Charity Bilbrew, Fayetteville Technical Community College. Dr. Bilbrew holds an ASN from Southern Union State Community College, a BSN in Nursing from Jacksonville University, an MSN in Nursing Leadership and Management from Jacksonville University, a Post Master’s in Nursing Education from Walden University, and a Doctor in Nursing Practice in Nursing Leadership in Healthcare Systems from Regis University. Dr. Bilbrew has been a nurse for more than 20 years and is certified in the specialty of medical-surgical nursing. She is a Lead Instructor of Nursing at Fayetteville Technical Community College where she teaches courses in the Associate Degree Nursing Program that include clinical, lab, online, classroom, and preceptorship components. Dr. Bilbrew is a member of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses (AMSN) and has served on multiple volunteer committees, including the Legislative Committee, where she advocates for changes in laws for the advancement of nursing and betterment of the care and safety of clients. She is a member of the National League for Nursing (NLN), a charter member of the Omega Upsilon Chapter of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, and a peer reviewer for the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN).

Dr. Jody Vogelzang, Grand Valley State University. Dr. Vogelzang holds a BS in dietetics from Michigan State University, an MS in Health Science from Grand Valley State University, an MA in Biology from Miami University of Ohio, and a PhD in Health Services specializing in community health from Walden University. Dr. Vogelzang is a registered dietitian and health education specialist and an expert in community health who has spent the last two decades teaching in higher education. As a practitioner, Dr. Vogelzang is especially well-rounded, working in the community setting with infants, children, pregnant women, and chronically ill adults and older adults and in palliative and hospice care. In 2016, Dr. Vogelzang was the founding director of a coordinated graduate program in clinical dietetics. She is a nationally recognized speaker and researcher. Her peers have formally recognized her for excellence in professional practice—Excellence in Public Health Nutrition (AND) and Achievements in Public Health Nutrition (APA). Dr. Vogelzang has also been recognized for her dedication to the high standards of the nutrition and dietetics profession through active participation, leadership, and devotion to serving others in nutrition and dietetics as well as allied health fields (AND Medallion Award). She regularly volunteers in professional and community organizations locally, nationally, and internationally.

Dr. Kelli Whittington, Southern Illinois University. Dr. Whittington holds a BS in Nursing from Middle Tennessee University, an MS in Nursing from Southern Illinois University, and a PhD in Workforce Education from Southern Illinois University. She is Program Director of Nursing, School of Health Science, at Southern Illinois University. Dr. Whittington’s nursing career spans more than 30 years, with practice in the acute care setting. Her nursing experience includes ICU, oncology, management, and administration. Her nursing education career began in 1993 with an adjunct clinical position at the community college level. Throughout her nursing education experience, she has taught nurses across all academic levels, from certified nurse assistants through bachelor’s-prepared registered nurses, culminating with doctorally prepared registered nurses. She currently teaches nutrition courses to accelerated, traditional, and RN-to-BSN students. Dr. Whittington is a member of the Illinois Nurses Association, Illinois Organization of Nurse Leaders, Registered Nurse Education League, and Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. She is the recipient of the Emerson Excellence in Teaching Award (2019), the visiting scholar award from Michigan State University (2009), and an Illinois Nurse Educator Fellowship (2023). Dr. Whittington is a Certified Nurse Educator.

The senior contributing authors would like to particularly thank nursing consultants Amy B. Britt, Bon Secours Mercy Health, and Marcy Caplin, Associate Professor, Kent State University College of Nursing, for their expertise and assistance with content review and development. Thank you also to Dr. Allison Mann, PharmD, Clinical Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice, University of Wyoming.

Contributing Authors

Amy B. Britt, Bon Secours Mercy Health

Millie Hepburn, Sacred Heart University

Lisa R. McDonald, Capella University

Lee Anne Oliver, Beaufort County Community College

Marygrace Piskorowski, SUNY at Buffalo

Sharon R. Simon, Shenandoah University

Miranda Smith, The University of Alabama in Huntsville

Nicole M. Stephens, Galveston College

Cynthia Wagner, University of North Georgia

Reviewers

Oluwakemi Lois Adeola, Howard University

Jennifer M. Bell, Ball State University

Jocelyn D. Betts, Chicago State University

Amy B. Britt, Bon Secours Mercy Health

Ximena Burgos, University of Texas – El Paso

Marcy Caplin, Kent State University

Karen Crosby, Endicott College

Amanda N. DiEugenio-Swift, Eastern University

Stacha Hayes, Emory University

Veela Hughes, Albany State University

Karen D. Joris, Professor Emeritus, Lorain County Community College

Barbara Ludwig, Rockhurst University

Amy Mersiovsky, Texas A&M University – Central Texas

Jennifer Nickell, Portland Community College

Lee Anne Oliver, Beaufort County Community College (Retired)

Anita Ramani, Gurnick Academy of Medical Arts

Margaret Riley, Nurse Educate

Ellen Schoen, Vanderbilt University School of Nursing

Miranda Smith, The University of Alabama in Huntsville

Nicole M. Stephens, Galveston College

Academic Integrity

Academic integrity builds trust, understanding, equity, and genuine learning. While students may encounter significant challenges in their courses and their lives, doing their own work and maintaining a high degree of authenticity will result in meaningful outcomes that will extend far beyond their college career. Faculty, administrators, resource providers, and students should work together to maintain a fair and positive experience.

We realize that students benefit when academic integrity ground rules are established early in the course. To that end, OpenStax has created an interactive to aid with academic integrity discussions in your course.

A graphic divides ten items into three categories. The items "Your Original Work" and "Quoting & Crediting Another's Work" are in the "Approved" category. The items "Checking Your Answers Online", "Group Work", "Reusing Past Original Work", "Sharing Answers", and "Artificial Intelligence, Chatbot Apps" are in the "Ask Instructor" category. The items "Posting Questions & Answers", "Plagiarizing Work", and "Getting Others to Do Your Work" are in the "Not Approved" Category.

(attribution: Copyright Rice University, OpenStax, under CC BY 4.0 license)

Visit our academic integrity slider. Click and drag icons along the continuum to align these practices with your institution and course policies. You may then include the graphic on your syllabus, present it in your first course meeting, or create a handout for students.

At OpenStax we are also developing resources supporting authentic learning experiences and assessment. Please visit this book’s page for updates. For an in-depth review of academic integrity strategies, we highly recommend visiting the International Center of Academic Integrity (ICAI) website at https://academicintegrity.org/.

Community Hubs

OpenStax partners with the Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education (ISKME) to offer Community Hubs on OER Commons—a platform for instructors to share community-created resources that support OpenStax books, free of charge. Through our Community Hubs, instructors can upload their own materials or download resources to use in their own courses, including additional ancillaries, teaching material, multimedia, and relevant course content. We encourage instructors to join the hubs for the subjects most relevant to your teaching and research as an opportunity both to enrich your courses and to engage with other faculty. To reach the Community Hubs, visit www.oercommons.org/hubs/openstax.

Technology Partners

As allies in making high-quality learning materials accessible, our technology partners offer optional low-cost tools that are integrated with OpenStax books. To access the technology options for your text, visit your book page on OpenStax.org.

Special Thanks

The Division of Digital Learning at the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) has a history of dedicated research initiatives, services, and programs that have advanced open education in Texas by providing support, advocacy, and resources to Texas institutions in their OER efforts. The Division maintains a diverse OER portfolio including OERTX, a digital library and community space for open education work. The leadership and collaboration of the Division of Digital Learning staff made the OER Nursing Essentials (ONE) project possible, throughout research, planning, and development phases of the eight-textbook series.

This work was supported in whole or in part by the THECB. The opinions and conclusions expressed in this document are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions or policies of the THECB.

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