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Nutrition for Nurses

Review Questions

Nutrition for NursesReview Questions

The nurse is educating a client with hypertension about the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Which statement by the client indicates the need for further teaching?
  1. “The DASH diet increases my sodium intake.”
  2. “The DASH diet increases my vegetable intake.”
  3. “The DASH diet increases my potassium intake.”
  4. “The DASH diet decreases my sugar intake.”
The nurse is reviewing a client’s medical record and notes that the last two blood pressure readings were 130/81 mm Hg and 122/99 mm Hg. Which diagnosis does the nurse anticipate for this client?
  1. Normal blood pressure
  2. Elevated blood pressure
  3. Low blood pressure
  4. Hypertensive blood pressure
The nurse is educating a client on ways to promote heart health. Which food modification would the nurse recommend for a heart-healthy diet?
  1. Red meat at 2 meals a day
  2. Prepackaged meat products
  3. Pineapple slices
  4. Caffeinated unsweetened tea
The nurse is evaluating a client at a follow-up appointment who reports following a heart-healthy nutritional plan for 3 months. Which objective data should the nurse utilize to support the client’s statement?
  1. BMI change from 30 to 29 kg/m2
  2. LDL change from 100 to 110 mg/dL
  3. Blood pressure from 142/88 to 144/86 mm Hg
  4. Increased shortness of breath
The nurse in the outpatient cardiology clinic is assessing a client who had an acute myocardial infarction 6 months ago and has completed an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. Which cholesterol level indicates to the nurse that the client has achieved a desired level?
  1. Total cholesterol 202 mg/dL
  2. LDL 130 mg/dL
  3. HDL 48 mg/dL
  4. Triglycerides 242 mg/dL
The nurse is caring for a client with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation. Which food should the nurse educate the client to avoid?
  1. Coffee
  2. Oranges
  3. Milk
  4. Fish
The nurse is caring for a client with a history of cardiac arrest due to torsades de pointes. Which laboratory value is a priority for the nurse to monitor in this client?
  1. Total cholesterol
  2. Calcium levels
  3. Magnesium levels
  4. Potassium levels
The nurse notes a very high and peaked T-wave abnormality on a client’s electrocardiogram (ECG). Which laboratory value should the nurse expect the provider to order?
  1. Magnesium level
  2. Sodium level
  3. Calcium level
  4. Potassium level
The nurse is caring for a client who has hyperlipidemia. Which food choice by the client is appropriate?
  1. Cake
  2. Oatmeal
  3. Fried chicken
  4. Hot dog
The nurse is caring for a client who is prescribed the DASH diet to manage their high cholesterol levels. What food choice in the client’s 72-hour diet recall requires further teaching?
  1. Whole milk
  2. Potatoes
  3. Oysters
  4. Orange juice

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