Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

anaerobic
relating to the absence of oxygen
cardiac cachexia
unintentional severe weight loss caused by heart failure
cholestasis
the slowing or halt of bile flow from the liver
erythropoiesis
the production of red blood cells
functional iron deficiency
a state in which iron is insufficiently incorporated into erythroid precursors even though body iron stores are apparently adequate
hematopoiesis
the formation of blood cellular components
hemoglobinopathy
a group of disorders in which the hemoglobin molecule has abnormal production or structure
hemostasis
the usual reaction to a bleeding injury to stop the blood flow
menorrhagia
heavy menstrual bleeding lasting more than 7 days
multiple myeloma
a blood cancer affecting plasma cells that are found in the bone marrow; abnormal plasma cells multiply rapidly, crowd out normal blood-producing cells, and produce an abnormal protein that leaves the bone marrow and damages organs in the body
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
a health-related program conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States
oxidative stress
disturbance in the balance between the production of reactive oxygen species (free radicals) and antioxidant defenses
passive immunity
a type of immunity conferred when a person is given antibodies rather than making them via their own immune system
primary health promotion
an intervention to prevent disease or injury before it occurs
secondary health promotion
an intervention that emphasizes early disease detection through screening
sickle cell disease
an inherited red blood cell disorder affecting the shape of hemoglobin, resulting in blocked blood flow
thalassemia
an inherited blood disorder characterized by less oxygen-carrying protein (hemoglobin) and fewer red blood cells in the body
vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB)
uncontrolled bleeding due to lack of sufficient vitamin K to form a blood clot
Citation/Attribution

This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/nutrition/pages/1-introduction
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/nutrition/pages/1-introduction
Citation information

© Mar 7, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.