Aldehydes, amides, carboxylic acids, esters, and ketones all contain carbonyl groups.
Two molecules containing the same types and numbers of atoms but different bonding sequences are called enantiomers.
Lipids are a naturally occurring group of substances that are not soluble in water but are freely soluble in organic solvents.
Fatty acids having no double bonds are called “unsaturated.”
A triglyceride is formed by joining three glycerol molecules to a fatty acid backbone in a dehydration reaction.
A change in one amino acid in a protein sequence always results in a loss of function.
MALDI-TOF relies on obtaining a unique mass spectrum for the bacteria tested and then checking the acquired mass spectrum against the spectrum databases registered in the analysis software to identify the microorganism.
Lancefield group tests can identify microbes using antibodies that specifically bind cell-surface proteins.