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Multiple Choice

MicrobiologyMultiple Choice

Multiple Choice


What is the outermost membrane surrounding the brain called?

  1. pia mater
  2. arachnoid mater
  3. dura mater
  4. alma mater

What term refers to an inflammation of brain tissues?

  1. encephalitis
  2. meningitis
  3. sinusitis
  4. meningoencephalitis

Nerve cells form long projections called ________.

  1. soma
  2. axons
  3. dendrites
  4. synapses

Chemicals called ________ are stored in neurons and released when the cell is stimulated by a signal.

  1. toxins
  2. cytokines
  3. chemokines
  4. neurotransmitters

The central nervous system is made up of

  1. sensory organs and muscles.
  2. the brain and muscles.
  3. the sensory organs and spinal cord.
  4. the brain and spinal column.

Which of the following organisms causes epidemic meningitis cases at college campuses?

  1. Haemophilus influenzae type b
  2. Neisseria meningitidis
  3. Streptococcus pneumoniae
  4. Listeria monocytogenes

Which of the following is the most common cause of neonatal meningitis?

  1. Haemophilus influenzae b
  2. Streptococcus agalactiae
  3. Neisseria meningitidis
  4. Streptococcus pneumoniae

What sign/symptom would NOT be associated with infant botulism?

  1. difficulty suckling
  2. limp body
  3. stiff neck
  4. weak cry

Which of the following can NOT be prevented with a vaccine?

  1. tetanus
  2. pneumococcal meningitis
  3. meningococcal meningitis
  4. listeriosis

How is leprosy primarily transmitted from person to person?

  1. contaminated toilet seats
  2. shaking hands
  3. blowing nose
  4. sexual intercourse

Which of these diseases can be prevented with a vaccine for humans?

  1. eastern equine encephalitis
  2. western equine encephalitis
  3. West Nile encephalitis
  4. Japanese encephalitis

Which of these diseases does NOT require the introduction of foreign nucleic acid?

  1. kuru
  2. polio
  3. rabies
  4. St. Louis encephalitis

Which of these is true of the Sabin but NOT the Salk polio vaccine?

  1. requires four injections
  2. currently administered in the United States
  3. mimics the normal route of infection
  4. is an inactivated vaccine

Which of the following animals is NOT a typical reservoir for the spread of rabies?

  1. dog
  2. bat
  3. skunk
  4. chicken

Which of these diseases results in meningitis caused by an encapsulated yeast?

  1. cryptococcosis
  2. histoplasmosis
  3. candidiasis
  4. coccidiomycosis

What kind of stain is most commonly used to visualize the capsule of cryptococcus?

  1. Gram stain
  2. simple stain
  3. negative stain
  4. fluorescent stain

Which of the following is the causative agent of East African trypanosomiasis?

  1. Trypanosoma cruzi
  2. Trypanosoma vivax
  3. Trypanosoma brucei rhodanese
  4. Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Which of the following is the causative agent of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis?

  1. Naegleria fowleri
  2. Entameba histolyticum
  3. Amoeba proteus
  4. Acanthamoeba polyphaga

What is the biological vector for African sleeping sickness?

  1. mosquito
  2. tsetse fly
  3. deer tick
  4. sand fly

How do humans usually contract neurocysticercosis?

  1. the bite of an infected arthropod
  2. exposure to contaminated cat feces
  3. swimming in contaminated water
  4. ingestion of undercooked pork

Which of these is the most important cause of adult onset epilepsy?

  1. neurocysticercosis
  2. neurotoxoplasmosis
  3. primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
  4. African trypanosomiasis
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