Match each term with its description.
|___sporadic disease||A. the number of disease cases per 100,000 individuals|
|___endemic disease||B. a disease in higher than expected numbers around the world|
|___pandemic disease||C. the number of deaths from a disease for every 10,000 individuals|
|___morbidity rate||D. a disease found occasionally in a region with cases occurring mainly in isolation from each other|
|___mortality rate||E. a disease found regularly in a region|
Match each type of epidemiology study with its description.
|___experimental||A. examination of past case histories and medical test results conducted on patients in an outbreak|
|___analytical||B. examination of current case histories, interviews with patients and their contacts, interpretation of medical test results; frequently conducted while outbreak is still in progress|
|___prospective||C. use of a set of test subjects (human or animal) and control subjects that are treated the same as the test subjects except for the specific treatment being studied|
|___descriptive||D. observing groups of individuals to look for associations with disease|
|___retrospective||E. a comparison of a cohort of individuals through the course of the study|
Match each pioneer of epidemiology with his or her contribution.
|___Florence Nightingale||A. determined the source of a cholera outbreak in London|
|___Robert Koch||B. showed that surgical wound infection rates could be dramatically reduced by using carbolic acid to disinfect surgical tools, bandages, and surgical sites|
|___Joseph Lister||C. compiled data on causes of mortality in soldiers, leading to innovations in military medical care|
|___John Snow||D. developed a methodology for conclusively determining the etiology of disease|