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21.1 Collective Behavior


Which of the following organizations is not an example of a social movement?

  1. National Football League
  2. Tea Party
  3. Greenpeace
  4. NAACP

Sociologists using conflict perspective might study what?

  1. How social movements develop
  2. What social purposes a movement serves
  3. What motivates inequitably treated people to join a movement
  4. What individuals hope to gain from taking part in a social movement

Which of the following is an example of collective behavior?

  1. A soldier questioning orders
  2. A group of people interested in hearing an author speak
  3. A class going on a field trip
  4. Going shopping with a friend

The protesters at the Egypt uprising rally were:

  1. a casual crowd
  2. a conventional crowd
  3. a mass
  4. an acting crowd

According to emergent-norm theory, crowds are:

  1. irrational and impulsive
  2. often misinterpreted and misdirected
  3. able to develop their own definition of the situation
  4. prone to criminal behavior

A boy throwing rocks during a demonstration might be an example of ___________.

  1. structural conduciveness
  2. structural strain
  3. precipitating factors
  4. mobilization for action

21.2 Social Movements


If we divide social movements according to their positions among all social movements in a society, we are using the __________ theory to understand social movements.

  1. framing
  2. new social movement
  3. resource mobilization
  4. value-added

While PETA is a social movement organization, taken together, the animal rights social movement organizations PETA, ALF, and Greenpeace are a __________.

  1. social movement industry
  2. social movement sector
  3. social movement party
  4. social industry

Social movements are:

  1. disruptive and chaotic challenges to the government
  2. ineffective mass movements
  3. the collective action of individuals working together in an attempt to establish new norms beliefs, or values
  4. the singular activities of a collection of groups working to challenge the status quo

When the League of Women Voters successfully achieved its goal of women being allowed to vote, they had to undergo frame __________, a means of completely changing their goals to ensure continuing relevance.

  1. extension
  2. amplification
  3. bridging
  4. transformation

If a movement claims that the best way to reverse climate change is to reduce carbon emissions by outlawing privately owned cars, “outlawing cars” is the ________.

  1. prognostic framing
  2. diagnostic framing
  3. motivational framing
  4. frame transformation

21.3 Social Change


Children in peripheral nations have little to no daily access to computers and the Internet, while children in core nations are constantly exposed to this technology. This is an example of:

  1. the digital divide
  2. human ecology
  3. modernization theory
  4. dependency theory

When sociologists think about technology as an agent of social change, which of the following is not an example?

  1. Population growth
  2. Medical advances
  3. The Internet
  4. Genetically engineered food

China is undergoing a shift in industry, increasing labor specialization and the amount of differentiation present in the social structure. This exemplifies:

  1. human ecology
  2. dependency theory
  3. modernization
  4. conflict perspective

Core nations that work to propel peripheral nations toward modernization need to be aware of:

  1. preserving peripheral nation cultural identity
  2. preparing for pitfalls that come with modernization
  3. avoiding hegemonistic assumptions about modernization
  4. all of the above

In addition to social movements, social change is also caused by technology, social institutions, population and ______.

  1. the environment
  2. modernization
  3. social structure
  4. new social movements
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