Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

19.1 The Social Construction of Health


Who determines which illnesses are stigmatized?

  1. Therapists
  2. The patients themselves
  3. Society
  4. All of the above

Chronic fatigue syndrome is an example of _______________.

  1. a stigmatized disease
  2. a contested illness
  3. a disability
  4. demedicalization

The Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) is an example of ________________

  1. the social construction of health
  2. medicalization
  3. disability accommodations
  4. a contested illness

19.2 Global Health


What is social epidemiology?

  1. The study of why some diseases are stigmatized and others are not
  2. The study of why diseases spread
  3. The study of the mental health of a society
  4. The study of the causes and distribution of diseases

Core nations are also known as __________________

  1. high-income nations
  2. newly industrialized nations
  3. low-income nations
  4. developing nations

Many deaths in high-income nations are linked to __________________

  1. cancer
  2. obesity
  3. mental illness
  4. lack of clean water

According to the World Health Organization, what was the most frequent cause of death for children under five in low-income countries?

  1. Starvation
  2. Thirst
  3. Pneumonia and diarrheal diseases
  4. All of the above

19.3 Health in the United States


Which of the following statements is not true?

  1. The life expectancy of Black males in the United States is approximately five years shorter than for White males.
  2. The infant mortality rate for Black people in the United States is almost double than it is for White people
  3. Black people have lower cancer rates than White people.
  4. Hispanic people have worse access to care than non-Hispanic White people.

The process by which aspects of life that were considered bad or deviant are redefined as sickness and needing medical attention to remedy is called:

  1. deviance
  2. medicalization
  3. demedicalization
  4. intersection theory

What are the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders in the United States?

  1. ADHD
  2. Mood disorders
  3. Autism spectrum disorders
  4. Anxiety disorders

Sidewalk ramps and Braille signs are examples of _______________.

  1. disabilities
  2. accommodations required by the Americans with Disabilities Act
  3. forms of accessibility for people with disabilities
  4. both b and c

The high unemployment rate among people with disabilities may be a result of ____________.

  1. medicalization
  2. obesity
  3. stigmatization
  4. all of the above

19.4 Comparative Health and Medicine


Which public healthcare system offers insurance primarily to people over sixty-five years old?

  1. Medicaid
  2. Medicare
  3. Veterans Health Administration
  4. All of the above

Which program is an example of socialized medicine?

  1. Canada’s system
  2. The United States’ Veterans Health Administration
  3. The United States’ new system under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
  4. Medicaid

What does the individual mandate provision of the 2010 U.S. healthcare reform do?

  1. Requires everyone to buy insurance from the government
  2. Requires everyone to sign up for Medicaid
  3. Requires everyone to have insurance or pay a penalty
  4. None of the above

Great Britain’s healthcare system is an example of ______________

  1. socialized medicine
  2. private healthcare
  3. single-payer private healthcare
  4. universal private healthcare

What group created the Millennium Development Goals?

  2. The Kaiser Family Foundation
  3. Doctors Without Borders
  4. The World Health Organization

19.5 Theoretical Perspectives on Health and Medicine


Which of the following is not part of the rights and responsibilities of a sick person under the functionalist perspective?

  1. The sick person is not responsible for his condition.
  2. The sick person must try to get better.
  3. The sick person can take as long as she wants to get better.
  4. The sick person is exempt from the normal duties of society.

The class, race, and gender inequalities in our healthcare system support the _____________ perspective.

  1. conflict
  2. interactionist
  3. functionalist
  4. all of the above

The removal of homosexuality from the DSM is an example of ____________.

  1. medicalization
  2. deviance
  3. interactionist theory
  4. demedicalization
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Jan 18, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.