Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

14.1 What Is Marriage? What Is a Family?


Sociologists tend to define family in terms of

  1. how a given society sanctions the relationships of people who are connected through blood, marriage, or adoption
  2. the connection of bloodlines
  3. the status roles that exist in a family structure
  4. how closely members adhere to social norms

Research suggests that people generally feel that their current family is _______ than the family they grew up with.

  1. less close
  2. more close
  3. at least as close
  4. none of the above

A woman being married to two men would be an example of:

  1. monogamy
  2. polygyny
  3. polyandry
  4. cohabitation

A child who associates his line of descent with his father’s side only is part of a _____ society.

  1. matrilocal
  2. bilateral
  3. matrilineal
  4. patrilineal

Which of the following is a criticism of the family life cycle model?

  1. It is too broad and accounts for too many aspects of family.
  2. It is too narrowly focused on a sequence of stages.
  3. It does not serve a practical purpose for studying family behavior.
  4. It is not based on comprehensive research.

14.2 Variations in Family Life


The majority of U.S. children live in:

  1. two-parent households
  2. one-parent households
  3. no-parent households
  4. multigenerational households

According to the study cited by the U.S. Census Bureau, children who live with married parents grow up with more advantages than children who live with:

  1. a divorced parent
  2. a single parent
  3. a grandparent
  4. all of the above

Couples who cohabitate before marriage are ______ couples who did not cohabitate before marriage to be married at least ten years.

  1. far more likely than
  2. far less likely than
  3. slightly less likely than
  4. equally as likely as

Same-sex couple households account for _____ percent of U.S. households.

  1. 1
  2. 10
  3. 15
  4. 30

The median age of first marriage has ______ in the last fifty years.

  1. increased for men but not women
  2. decreased for men but not women
  3. increased for both men and women
  4. decreased for both men and women

14.3 Challenges Families Face


Current divorce rates are:

  1. at an all-time high
  2. at an all-time low
  3. steadily increasing
  4. steadily declining

Children of divorced parents are _______ to divorce in their own marriage than children of parents who stayed married.

  1. more likely
  2. less likely
  3. equally likely

In general, children in ______ households benefit from divorce.

  1. stepfamily
  2. multigenerational
  3. high-conflict
  4. low-conflict

Which of the following is true of intimate partner violence (IPV)?

  1. IPV victims are more frequently men than women.
  2. One in ten women is a victim of IPV.
  3. Nearly half of instances of IPV involve drugs or alcohol.
  4. Rape is the most common form of IPV.

Which type of child abuse is most prevalent in the United States?

  1. Physical abuse
  2. Neglect
  3. Shaken-baby syndrome
  4. Verbal mistreatment
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Jan 18, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.