12.1 Sex, Gender, Identity, and Expression
The terms “masculine” and “feminine” refer to a person’s _________.
- both sex and gender
- none of the above
The term _______ refers to society's concept of how men and women are expected to act and how they should behave.
- gender role
- gender bias
- sexual orientation
- sexual attitudes
Research indicates that individuals are aware of their sexual orientation _______.
- at infancy
- in early adolescence
- in early adulthood
- in late adulthood
12.2 Gender and Gender Inequality
Which of the following is the best example of a gender stereotype?
- Women are typically shorter than men.
- Men do not live as long as women.
- Women tend to be overly emotional, while men tend to be levelheaded.
- Men hold more high-earning, leadership jobs than women.
Which of the following is the best example of the role peers play as an agent of socialization for school-aged children?
- Children can act however they wish around their peers because children are unaware of gender roles.
- Peers serve as a support system for children who wish to act outside of their assigned gender roles.
- Peers tend to reinforce gender roles by criticizing and marginalizing those who behave outside of their assigned roles.
- None of the above
To which theoretical perspective does the following statement most likely apply: Women continue to assume the responsibility in the household along with a paid occupation because it keeps the household running smoothly, i.e., at a state of balance?
- Conflict theory
- Feminist theory
- Symbolic interactionism
Only women are affected by gender stratification.
According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, we “do gender”:
- during half of our activities
- only when they apply to our biological sex
- only if we are actively following gender roles
- all of the time, in everything we do
- A certain kind if spa treatment
- One’s biological sex
- How we know our gender roles
- the hatred of or, aversion to, or prejudice against women
Which of the following factors can affect the pay gap?
- having children
- lower education level
- being married
- all of the above
The idea that gender inequality comes from the division of labor fits with which Sociological theory?
- Symbolic Interactionism
- Conflict Theory
- Feminist Theory
Prior to the 19th Amendment being ratified, women were not considered a legal person on their own.
In the 115th Congress of the United States, what percentage of the elected officials were women?
Of these, which country is thought to be the most liberal in its attitudes toward sex?
- United States
Compared to most Western societies, U.S. sexual attitudes are considered _______.
Sociologists associate sexuality with _______.
- a person's capacity for personal attachment
- sexual maturation
- biological factors
- a person’s capacity for sexual feelings
According to national surveys, most U.S. parents support which type of sex education program in school?
- Abstinence only
- Abstinence plus sexual safety
- Sexual safety without promoting abstinence
- No sex education
Which theoretical perspective stresses the importance of regulating sexual behavior to ensure marital cohesion and family stability?
- Conflict theory
- Symbolic interactionalism
- Queer theory