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12.1 Sex, Gender, Identity, and Expression


The terms “masculine” and “feminine” refer to a person’s _________.

  1. sex
  2. gender
  3. both sex and gender
  4. none of the above

The term ­_______ refers to society's concept of how men and women are expected to act and how they should behave.

  1. gender role
  2. gender bias
  3. sexual orientation
  4. sexual attitudes

Research indicates that individuals are aware of their sexual orientation _______.

  1. at infancy
  2. in early adolescence
  3. in early adulthood
  4. in late adulthood

12.2 Gender and Gender Inequality


Which of the following is the best example of a gender stereotype?

  1. Women are typically shorter than men.
  2. Men do not live as long as women.
  3. Women tend to be overly emotional, while men tend to be levelheaded.
  4. Men hold more high-earning, leadership jobs than women.

Which of the following is the best example of the role peers play as an agent of socialization for school-aged children?

  1. Children can act however they wish around their peers because children are unaware of gender roles.
  2. Peers serve as a support system for children who wish to act outside of their assigned gender roles.
  3. Peers tend to reinforce gender roles by criticizing and marginalizing those who behave outside of their assigned roles.
  4. None of the above

To which theoretical perspective does the following statement most likely apply: Women continue to assume the responsibility in the household along with a paid occupation because it keeps the household running smoothly, i.e., at a state of balance?

  1. Conflict theory
  2. Functionalism
  3. Feminist theory
  4. Symbolic interactionism

Only women are affected by gender stratification.

  1. True
  2. False

According to the symbolic interactionist perspective, we “do gender”:

  1. during half of our activities
  2. only when they apply to our biological sex
  3. only if we are actively following gender roles
  4. all of the time, in everything we do

Misogyny is:

  1. A certain kind if spa treatment
  2. One’s biological sex
  3. How we know our gender roles
  4. the hatred of or, aversion to, or prejudice against women

Which of the following factors can affect the pay gap?

  1. having children
  2. lower education level
  3. being married
  4. all of the above

The idea that gender inequality comes from the division of labor fits with which Sociological theory?

  1. Symbolic Interactionism
  2. Functionalism
  3. Conflict Theory
  4. Feminist Theory

Prior to the 19th Amendment being ratified, women were not considered a legal person on their own.

  1. True
  2. False

In the 115th Congress of the United States, what percentage of the elected officials were women?

  1. 10.5%
  2. 21.2%
  3. 30.4%
  4. 50%

12.3 Sexuality


Of these, which country is thought to be the most liberal in its attitudes toward sex?

  1. United States
  2. Sweden
  3. Mexico
  4. Ireland

Compared to most Western societies, U.S. sexual attitudes are considered _______.

  1. conservative
  2. liberal
  3. permissive
  4. free

Sociologists associate sexuality with _______.

  1. a person's capacity for personal attachment
  2. sexual maturation
  3. biological factors
  4. a person’s capacity for sexual feelings

According to national surveys, most U.S. parents support which type of sex education program in school?

  1. Abstinence only
  2. Abstinence plus sexual safety
  3. Sexual safety without promoting abstinence
  4. No sex education

Which theoretical perspective stresses the importance of regulating sexual behavior to ensure marital cohesion and family stability?

  1. Functionalism
  2. Conflict theory
  3. Symbolic interactionalism
  4. Queer theory
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