Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
Introduction to Sociology 2e

Section Quiz

Introduction to Sociology 2eSection Quiz

2.1 Approaches to Sociological Research


A measurement is considered ______­ if it actually measures what it is intended to measure, according to the topic of the study.

  1. reliable
  2. sociological
  3. valid
  4. quantitative

Sociological studies test relationships in which change in one ______ causes change in another.

  1. test subject
  2. behavior
  3. variable
  4. operational definition

In a study, a group of ten-year-old boys are fed doughnuts every morning for a week and then weighed to see how much weight they gained. Which factor is the dependent variable?

  1. The doughnuts
  2. The boys
  3. The duration of a week
  4. The weight gained

Which statement provides the best operational definition of “childhood obesity”?

  1. Children who eat unhealthy foods and spend too much time watching television and playing video games
  2. A distressing trend that can lead to health issues including type 2 diabetes and heart disease
  3. Body weight at least 20 percent higher than a healthy weight for a child of that height
  4. The tendency of children today to weigh more than children of earlier generations

2.2 Research Methods


Which materials are considered secondary data?

  1. Photos and letters given to you by another person
  2. Books and articles written by other authors about their studies
  3. Information that you have gathered and now have included in your results
  4. Responses from participants whom you both surveyed and interviewed

What method did researchers John Mihelich and John Papineau use to study Parrotheads?

  1. Survey
  2. Experiment
  3. Web Ethnography
  4. Case study

Why is choosing a random sample an effective way to select participants?

  1. Participants do not know they are part of a study
  2. The researcher has no control over who is in the study
  3. It is larger than an ordinary sample
  4. Everyone has the same chance of being part of the study

What research method did John S. Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd mainly use in their Middletown study?

  1. Secondary data
  2. Survey
  3. Participant observation
  4. Experiment

Which research approach is best suited to the scientific method?

  1. Questionnaire
  2. Case study
  3. Ethnography
  4. Secondary data analysis

The main difference between ethnography and other types of participant observation is:

  1. ethnography isn’t based on hypothesis testing
  2. ethnography subjects are unaware they’re being studied
  3. ethnographic studies always involve minority ethnic groups
  4. ethnography focuses on how subjects view themselves in relationship to the community

Which best describes the results of a case study?

  1. It produces more reliable results than other methods because of its depth
  2. Its results are not generally applicable
  3. It relies solely on secondary data analysis
  4. All of the above

Using secondary data is considered an unobtrusive or ________ research method.

  1. nonreactive
  2. nonparticipatory
  3. nonrestrictive
  4. nonconfrontive

2.3 Ethical Concerns


Which statement illustrates value neutrality?

  1. Obesity in children is obviously a result of parental neglect and, therefore, schools should take a greater role to prevent it
  2. In 2003, states like Arkansas adopted laws requiring elementary schools to remove soft drink vending machines from schools
  3. Merely restricting children’s access to junk food at school is not enough to prevent obesity
  4. Physical activity and healthy eating are a fundamental part of a child’s education

Which person or organization defined the concept of value neutrality?

  1. Institutional Review Board (IRB)
  2. Peter Rossi
  3. American Sociological Association (ASA)
  4. Max Weber

To study the effects of fast food on lifestyle, health, and culture, from which group would a researcher ethically be unable to accept funding?

  1. A fast-food restaurant
  2. A nonprofit health organization
  3. A private hospital
  4. A governmental agency like Health and Social Services
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Feb 9, 2022 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.