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Introduction to Sociology 2e

Section Quiz

Introduction to Sociology 2eSection Quiz

10.1 Global Stratification and Classification


A sociologist who focuses on the way that multinational corporations headquartered in core nations exploit the local workers in their peripheral nation factories is using a _________ perspective to understand the global economy.

  1. functional
  2. conflict theory
  3. feminist
  4. symbolic interactionist

A ____________ perspective theorist might find it particularly noteworthy that wealthy corporations improve the quality of life in peripheral nations by providing workers with jobs, pumping money into the local economy, and improving transportation infrastructure.

  1. functional
  2. conflict
  3. feminist
  4. symbolic interactionist

A sociologist working from a symbolic interaction perspective would:

  1. study how inequality is created and reproduced
  2. study how corporations can improve the lives of their low-income workers
  3. try to understand how companies provide an advantage to high-income nations compared to low-income nations
  4. want to interview women working in factories to understand how they manage the expectations of their supervisors, make ends meet, and support their households on a day-to-day basis

France might be classified as which kind of nation?

  1. Global
  2. Core
  3. Semi-peripheral
  4. Peripheral

In the past, the United States manufactured clothes. Many clothing corporations have shut down their U.S. factories and relocated to China. This is an example of:

  1. conflict theory
  2. OECD
  3. global inequality
  4. capital flight

10.2 Global Wealth and Poverty


Slavery in the pre-Civil War U.S. South most closely resembled

  1. chattel slavery
  2. debt bondage
  3. relative poverty
  4. peonage

Maya is a twelve-year-old girl living in Thailand. She is homeless, and often does not know where she will sleep or when she will eat. We might say that Maya lives in _________ poverty.

  1. subjective
  2. absolute
  3. relative
  4. global

Mike, a college student, rents a studio apartment. He cannot afford a television and lives on cheap groceries like dried beans and ramen noodles. Since he does not have a regular job, he does not own a car. Mike is living in:

  1. global poverty
  2. absolute poverty
  3. subjective poverty
  4. relative poverty

Faith has a full-time job and two children. She has enough money for the basics and can pay her rent each month, but she feels that, with her education and experience, her income should be enough for her family to live much better than they do. Faith is experiencing:

  1. global poverty
  2. subjective poverty
  3. absolute poverty
  4. relative poverty

In a U.S. town, a mining company owns all the stores and most of the houses. It sells goods to the workers at inflated prices, offers house rentals for twice what a mortgage would be, and makes sure to always pay the workers less than needed to cover food and rent. Once the workers are in debt, they have no choice but to continue working for the company, since their skills will not transfer to a new position. This situation most closely resembles:

  1. child slavery
  2. chattel slavery
  3. debt slavery
  4. servile marriage

10.3 Theoretical Perspectives on Global Stratification


One flaw in dependency theory is the unwillingness to recognize _______.

  1. that previously low-income nations such as China have successfully developed their economies and can no longer be classified as dependent on core nations
  2. that previously high-income nations such as China have been economically overpowered by low-income nations entering the global marketplace
  3. that countries such as China are growing more dependent on core nations
  4. that countries such as China do not necessarily want to be more like core nations

One flaw in modernization theory is the unwillingness to recognize _________.

  1. that semi-peripheral nations are incapable of industrializing
  2. that peripheral nations prevent semi-peripheral nations from entering the global market
  3. its inherent ethnocentric bias
  4. the importance of semi-peripheral nations industrializing

If a sociologist says that nations evolve toward more advanced technology and more complex industry as their citizens learn cultural values that celebrate hard work and success, she is using _______ theory to study the global economy.

  1. modernization theory
  2. dependency theory
  3. modern dependency theory
  4. evolutionary dependency theory

If a sociologist points out that core nations dominate the global economy, in part by creating global interest rates and international tariffs that will inevitably favor high-income nations over low-income nations, he is a:

  1. functionalist
  2. dependency theorist
  3. modernization theorist
  4. symbolic interactionist

Dependency theorists explain global inequality and global stratification by focusing on the way that:

  1. core nations and peripheral nations exploit semi-peripheral nations
  2. semi-peripheral nations exploit core nations
  3. peripheral nations exploit core nations
  4. core nations exploit peripheral nations
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