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2.1 The Brain Is an Inference Machine

1 .
Distinguish homeostasis from allostasis, and describe the relationship of both to the emotions and rational thought.
2 .
What are heuristics?
3 .
What is the role of emotion in rational thought?
4 .
Describe some of the reasons for effortless thinking and gut intuitions. Explain why these are sometimes faulty.

2.2 Overcoming Cognitive Biases and Engaging in Critical Reflection

5 .
What are some of the conditions that make critical thinking possible?
6 .
Define three of the common cognitive biases identified in this chapter.
7 .
Describe critical thinking strategies that can be applied to two of the cognitive biases identified in the chapter.

2.3 Developing Good Habits of Mind

8 .
What is epistemic humility, and how does it relate to the Dunning-Kruger effect?
9 .
How can you apply the strategies for thinking objectively to your philosophy class?
10 .
How can you manage your emotions when reading and thinking about philosophy?

2.4 Gathering Information, Evaluating Sources, and Understanding Evidence

11 .
What are the four moves of fact-checking, and how do they work?

2.5 Reading Philosophy

12 .
What is the three-part method for philosophical reading?
13 .
What are some differences between reading philosophical texts and other kinds of texts?

2.6 Writing Philosophy Papers

14 .
What is a thesis statement, and how should you go about developing a thesis statement for your papers?
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