2.1 The Brain Is an Inference Machine
Distinguish homeostasis from allostasis, and describe the relationship of both to the emotions and rational thought.
What are heuristics?
What is the role of emotion in rational thought?
Describe some of the reasons for effortless thinking and gut intuitions. Explain why these are sometimes faulty.
2.2 Overcoming Cognitive Biases and Engaging in Critical Reflection
What are some of the conditions that make critical thinking possible?
Define three of the common cognitive biases identified in this chapter.
Describe critical thinking strategies that can be applied to two of the cognitive biases identified in the chapter.
2.3 Developing Good Habits of Mind
What is epistemic humility, and how does it relate to the Dunning-Kruger effect?
How can you apply the strategies for thinking objectively to your philosophy class?
How can you manage your emotions when reading and thinking about philosophy?
2.4 Gathering Information, Evaluating Sources, and Understanding Evidence
What are the four moves of fact-checking, and how do they work?
2.5 Reading Philosophy
What is the three-part method for philosophical reading?
What are some differences between reading philosophical texts and other kinds of texts?
2.6 Writing Philosophy Papers
What is a thesis statement, and how should you go about developing a thesis statement for your papers?