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Entrepreneurship

15.4 Now What? Serving as a Mentor, Consultant, or Champion

Entrepreneurship15.4 Now What? Serving as a Mentor, Consultant, or Champion
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  1. Preface
  2. 1 The Entrepreneurial Perspective
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Entrepreneurship Today
    3. 1.2 Entrepreneurial Vision and Goals
    4. 1.3 The Entrepreneurial Mindset
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  3. 2 The Entrepreneurial Journey and Pathways
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 Overview of the Entrepreneurial Journey
    3. 2.2 The Process of Becoming an Entrepreneur
    4. 2.3 Entrepreneurial Pathways
    5. 2.4 Frameworks to Inform Your Entrepreneurial Path
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Review Questions
    9. Discussion Questions
    10. Case Questions
    11. Suggested Resources
  4. 3 The Ethical and Social Responsibilities of Entrepreneurs
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Ethical and Legal Issues in Entrepreneurship
    3. 3.2 Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Entrepreneurship
    4. 3.3 Developing a Workplace Culture of Ethical Excellence and Accountability
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  5. 4 Creativity, Innovation, and Invention
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Tools for Creativity and Innovation
    3. 4.2 Creativity, Innovation, and Invention: How They Differ
    4. 4.3 Developing Ideas, Innovations, and Inventions
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  6. 5 Identifying Entrepreneurial Opportunity
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 Entrepreneurial Opportunity
    3. 5.2 Researching Potential Business Opportunities
    4. 5.3 Competitive Analysis
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  7. 6 Problem Solving and Need Recognition Techniques
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 Problem Solving to Find Entrepreneurial Solutions
    3. 6.2 Creative Problem-Solving Process
    4. 6.3 Design Thinking
    5. 6.4 Lean Processes
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Review Questions
    9. Discussion Questions
    10. Case Questions
    11. Suggested Resources
  8. 7 Telling Your Entrepreneurial Story and Pitching the Idea
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 Clarifying Your Vision, Mission, and Goals
    3. 7.2 Sharing Your Entrepreneurial Story
    4. 7.3 Developing Pitches for Various Audiences and Goals
    5. 7.4 Protecting Your Idea and Polishing the Pitch through Feedback
    6. 7.5 Reality Check: Contests and Competitions
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Review Questions
    10. Discussion Questions
    11. Case Questions
    12. Suggested Resources
  9. 8 Entrepreneurial Marketing and Sales
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 Entrepreneurial Marketing and the Marketing Mix
    3. 8.2 Market Research, Market Opportunity Recognition, and Target Market
    4. 8.3 Marketing Techniques and Tools for Entrepreneurs
    5. 8.4 Entrepreneurial Branding
    6. 8.5 Marketing Strategy and the Marketing Plan
    7. 8.6 Sales and Customer Service
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Review Questions
    11. Discussion Questions
    12. Case Questions
    13. Suggested Resources
  10. 9 Entrepreneurial Finance and Accounting
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 Overview of Entrepreneurial Finance and Accounting Strategies
    3. 9.2 Special Funding Strategies
    4. 9.3 Accounting Basics for Entrepreneurs
    5. 9.4 Developing Startup Financial Statements and Projections
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Review Questions
    9. Discussion Questions
    10. Case Questions
    11. Suggested Resources
  11. 10 Launch for Growth to Success
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 Launching the Imperfect Business: Lean Startup
    3. 10.2 Why Early Failure Can Lead to Success Later
    4. 10.3 The Challenging Truth about Business Ownership
    5. 10.4 Managing, Following, and Adjusting the Initial Plan
    6. 10.5 Growth: Signs, Pains, and Cautions
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Review Questions
    10. Discussion Questions
    11. Case Questions
    12. Suggested Resources
  12. 11 Business Model and Plan
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Avoiding the “Field of Dreams” Approach
    3. 11.2 Designing the Business Model
    4. 11.3 Conducting a Feasibility Analysis
    5. 11.4 The Business Plan
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Review Questions
    9. Discussion Questions
    10. Case Questions
    11. Suggested Resources
  13. 12 Building Networks and Foundations
    1. Introduction
    2. 12.1 Building and Connecting to Networks
    3. 12.2 Building the Entrepreneurial Dream Team
    4. 12.3 Designing a Startup Operational Plan
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  14. 13 Business Structure Options: Legal, Tax, and Risk Issues
    1. Introduction
    2. 13.1 Business Structures: Overview of Legal and Tax Considerations
    3. 13.2 Corporations
    4. 13.3 Partnerships and Joint Ventures
    5. 13.4 Limited Liability Companies
    6. 13.5 Sole Proprietorships
    7. 13.6 Additional Considerations: Capital Acquisition, Business Domicile, and Technology
    8. 13.7 Mitigating and Managing Risks
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Review Questions
    12. Discussion Questions
    13. Case Questions
    14. Suggested Resources
  15. 14 Fundamentals of Resource Planning
    1. Introduction
    2. 14.1 Types of Resources
    3. 14.2 Using the PEST Framework to Assess Resource Needs
    4. 14.3 Managing Resources over the Venture Life Cycle
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Review Questions
    8. Discussion Questions
    9. Case Questions
    10. Suggested Resources
  16. 15 Next Steps
    1. Introduction
    2. 15.1 Launching Your Venture
    3. 15.2 Making Difficult Business Decisions in Response to Challenges
    4. 15.3 Seeking Help or Support
    5. 15.4 Now What? Serving as a Mentor, Consultant, or Champion
    6. 15.5 Reflections: Documenting the Journey
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Review Questions
    10. Discussion Questions
    11. Case Questions
    12. Suggested Resources
  17. A | Suggested Resources
  18. Index

Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Evaluate potential next steps after exiting the venture
  • Explain the roles of mentors, consultants, and champions

Depending on your experience as a first-time entrepreneur, you have a new set of choices in front of you. If you enjoyed the experience, felt the thrill and excitement of taking an idea from launch through to the successful harvesting of the venture, you might want to become involved in another new venture—that is, maybe your path is to become a serial entrepreneur. Or, after all that work, you might want to spend some extended time traveling or with family. You might want to consider ideas for giving back to the entrepreneurial community or becoming a social entrepreneur in your next venture. You might want to take some of your earnings from the harvest and become an angel investor. These decisions depend on your experience as an entrepreneur and money and less-tangible resources you gained through harvesting the venture. Having undergone a positive experience, gained significant learning, and harvested substantial funds often leads an entrepreneur into becoming a mentor, consultant, or champion for another entrepreneurial project. Think back to all the people who helped you get to where you are today. Where would you be without their help? Giving back to others continues the creation of social capital, the goodwill we create by giving back to individuals, organizations, and communities.

Mentors

Mentor motivation includes the satisfaction of helping and guiding other entrepreneurs through the challenges of starting, growing, and harvesting their venture. Mentors can participate through formal government organizations such as SCORE, or organizations similar to Y Combinator, or from an internal aspect such as an advisory group membership. Mentors provide assistance and advice based on their previous experience as an entrepreneur, or as a content expert within a narrowly defined area related to the new venture’s product or service. Specific areas of expertise might include commercialization of a new technology, safeguarding intellectual property, marketing, or funding sources for a nonprofit social entrepreneurship venture. Just as there can be an alignment between an angel investor’s knowledge and skill set to the entrepreneurial venture, mentors should also seek ventures where they can provide key insights and knowledge. Mentoring in this capacity as a former entrepreneur is more rewarding when there is an interest in the opportunity and the entrepreneurial team.

Identifying exactly what the mentor can provide and what the entrepreneurial team needs is an important part of this relationship. Both parties should discuss time commitments and expectations as part of this relationship. Mentoring requires considerable commitment and can include support for complex topics and difficult decisions. In return for this help, mentors receive satisfaction, rejuvenation, personal growth, new relationships and connections, and a feeling of philanthropic motivation.

There are also risks in taking on the role of a mentor. One risk relates to providing advice that later proves to be detrimental to the venture. Another risk is the perception that the mentor provided direction when the mentor in fact provided suggested options that the entrepreneurial team should consider in its decision. A third risk concerns confidentiality and non-compete covenants. New ideas generate additional ideas, and as a startup team fine-tunes its opportunity and venture, some ideas will be rejected. From your perspective as a mentor and former entrepreneur, you might realize that you could develop one of the rejected ideas into a successful business. This situation can present conflicts of interest between you as the mentor and the venture that you are mentoring.

Because of these risks, as well as the contributions made by the mentor, some sources believe that the mentor should receive financial compensation and enter into a contractual relationship that addresses these risks. Possible financial payments include equity in the venture, profit sharing, or a retainer fee.

Consultants

Another role you might want to consider is becoming a consultant, a position more formally defined than mentorship. You might even want to create your own consulting company focused on entrepreneurs as your target market, or select a narrower target market such as a segment within the entrepreneurial world. In considering starting your own consultant business, your start-up process is similar to the topics addressed throughout this book. Identify your own strengths and interests, identify other needs that your target market would value, and develop a business plan. Acting as a consultant contributes back to the entrepreneurial world, provides you with the enjoyment of active involvement in areas where you excel, and bolsters to your financial worth.

Champions

Great Britain offers an Entrepreneur Champion of the Year award in recognition of the importance of having support in starting a new venture. Although we don’t have that award in the United States, we recognize how important support is to become successful. The Startup Champions Network is a startup organization located in Boulder, Colorado. This organization supports and connects entrepreneur-related champions: people who build and lead coalitions that create and advance resources for entrepreneurs. The Startup Champions Network seeks people who support a history of supporting entrepreneurship and innovation within their communities, recognize and model inclusiveness and collaboration skills, enjoy helping other people and work well with people, embrace humility, are action oriented, and focus on possibilities. Forbidden behaviors include being driven by self-interest, being focused on earnings or control of earnings, and lacking experience or a long-term focus.11

Regardless of your interest in joining a formal champion group or acting in an individual capacity, becoming a champion to promote and assist another entrepreneur provides personal growth, satisfaction, and rewarding involvement within the entrepreneurial community. Many of the characteristics desired by the Startup Champions Network reflect research related to effective leaders. Most states have organizations that support entrepreneurs, from business plan development and decision making through opportunities to give back to the entrepreneurial world in whatever capacity a person desires. Take a few minutes to research opportunities in your state and community, and consider how your own future might align with these organizations.

These choices give you some ideas on what you might want to do now that you have harvested your venture. After tasting the excitement of starting, growing, and harvesting your venture, you have a new set of options to consider from becoming a serial entrepreneur through adding value to other entrepreneur’s potential successes to becoming a social entrepreneur.

Entrepreneur In Action

Solving Global Health Issues

The American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene (ASTMH) is the largest international scientific organization dedicated to reducing tropical infectious diseases and improving world health.12 Diseases like malaria, Dengue fever and Zika are transmitted by mosquitoes and are increasing in frequency. These diseases reduce an infected person’s quality of life and can impact their ability to earn a living by reducing energy and the capacity to carry out day-to-day activities. These afflictions can also result in other painful complications, coma, and even death through kidney failure. According to ASTMH, close to half of the world’s population lives in areas at risk of contracting malaria. The map in Figure 15.12 provides a view of how vast the potential area is for malaria infestation. Even noting the shaded light green areas as formerly malarious, these areas could once again be infested with malaria-carrying mosquitoes. As the planet’s temperature increases, disease-carrying insects become more pervasive, entering geographical areas where some of these tropical diseases never existed. Read this article about major tropical diseases to learn more.

A world map shows incidence of malaria transmission. Areas identified as malaria transmission occurs throughout are shown in the northern half of South America, across most of Africa and India, and in portions of Indonesia. Areas identified as malaria transmission occurs in some parts are shown in Central America, the northern half of South America, eastern and southern Africa, and much of south Asia and Indonesia. The rest of the map is mostly identified as malaria transmission is not known to occur. Three callouts pose questions for students: Is social entrepreneurship for me? How can I help? Does this problem offer an opportunity?
Figure 15.12 What can you do to help solve this global problem? What potential solutions might also be entrepreneurial opportunities?

Footnotes

  • 11 Startup Champions Network. http://www.championsnetwork.co/
  • 12 American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. https://www.astmh.org/about-astmh/who-we-are
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