### Chapter Test

Each of the following exercises involve drawing a

*Scrabble*tile from a bag. These tiles are labeled with a letter and a point value, as follows: A(1), C(3), D(2), E(1), E(1), J(8), K(5), O(1), R(1), R(1).1.

How many ways are there to draw a vowel and then a consonant from the bag?

2.

How many ways are there to draw a tile worth an even number of points and then a tile worth an odd number of points from the bag?

3.

How many ways are there to draw 4 tiles from the bag without replacement, if order matters?

4.

How many ways are there to draw 4 consonants from the bag without replacement, if order matter?

5.

How many ways are there to draw 4 tiles from the bag with replacement, if order does not matter?

6.

How many ways are there to draw 4 consonants from the bag with replacement, if order does not matter?

7.

Give the sample space of the experiment that asks you to draw 2 tiles from the bag with replacement and note their point values, where order doesnâ€™t matter. Give the outcomes as ordered pairs.

8.
Give the sample space of the experiment that asks you to draw 2 tiles from the bag with replacement and note their point values, where order doesnâ€™t matter. Give the outcomes as ordered pairs.

9.

If you draw a single tile from the bag, what is the probability that itâ€™s an E?

10.

If you draw a single tile from the bag, what is the probability that itâ€™s

*not*an A?11.

If you draw 3 tiles from the bag without replacement, what is the probability that they spell RED, in order?

12.

If you draw 3 tiles from the bag without replacement, what is the probability that they spell RED, in

*any*order?13.

What are the odds against drawing a vowel?

14.

Use your answer to question 12 to find the odds against drawing three tiles without replacement and being able to spell RED.

15.

If you draw one tile, what is the probability of drawing a J or a K?

16.

If you draw one tile, what is the probability that itâ€™s a vowel or that itâ€™s worth more than 4 points?

17.

Suppose youâ€™re about to draw one tile from the bag. Find P({\text{the letter is R}}) and P({\text{the letter is R}}|{\text{the point value is 1}}).

18.

If you draw 2 tiles with replacement, what is the probability of drawing a consonant first and then a vowel?

19.

If you draw 2 tiles

*without*replacement, what is the probability of drawing a consonant first and then a vowel?20.

If you draw 10 tiles with replacement, what is the probability that you draw exactly 3 vowels? Round to 3 decimal places.

21.

If you draw 100 tiles with replacement, what is the probability that you draw fewer than 35 vowels? Round to 4 decimal places.

22.

Find and interpret the expected number of points on the tile, assuming you draw 1 tile from the bag.

23.

Find the expected sum of points on 2 tiles, selected without replacement.

24.

If your friend offers you a bet where they pay you $10 if you draw a vowel from the bag, but you owe them $5 if you draw a consonant, should you take it? How do you know?