Problems & Exercises
(b) It isn’t hard to make one of approximately this size. It would be harder to make it exactly .
, which is UV radiation.
It is in the ultraviolet.
(b) 54.4 eV
so that From the equation we can substitute for the velocity, giving: so that where .
(b) 50.0 keV
(c) The photon energy is simply the applied voltage times the electron charge, so the value of the voltage in volts is the same as the value of the energy in electron volts.
(a) 8.00 keV
(b) 9.48 keV
(a) 1.96 eV
(c) 60.0 nm
(a) 590 nm
are possible since and .
(a) 32. (b) and 14 in , for a total of 32.
(b) is violated,
(c) cannot have 3 electrons in subshell since
(d) cannot have 7 electrons in subshell since
(a) The number of different values of is for each and one for Also an overall factor of 2 since each can have equal to either or .
(b) for each value of , you get
to see that the expression in the box is imagine taking from the last term and adding it to first term Now take from penultimate term and add to the second term .
The electric force on the electron is up (toward the positively charged plate). The magnetic force is down (by the RHR).
, which agrees with the known value of to within the precision of the measurement
(a) 2.78 fm
(b) 0.37 of the nuclear radius.
(b) 2.52 MW
(a) 6.42 eV
(c) 0.454 eV, 14.1 times less than a single UV photon. Therefore, each photon will evaporate approximately 14 molecules of tissue. This gives the surgeon a rather precise method of removing corneal tissue from the surface of the eye.
91.18 nm to 91.22 nm
(b) The voltage is extremely large compared with any practical value.
(c) The assumption of such a short wavelength by this method is unreasonable.