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Clinical Nursing Skills

Review Questions

Clinical Nursing SkillsReview Questions

Review Questions

1 .
A patient being seen in urgent care is complaining of vague and generalized symptoms. What stage of the infection process is the patient in?
  1. incubation
  2. prodromal
  3. illness
  4. convalescent
2 .
A patient has been experiencing a cough and sore throat for several days. While at work, the patient sneezed several times while sitting close to a coworker. Two days later, the coworker developed the same symptoms. What mode of microbial transmission took place here?
  1. direct contact
  2. indirect contact
  3. droplet transmission
  4. vector transfer
3 .
After receiving the varicella vaccination, a patient states that they now have immunity against this virus. What type of immunity does the patient have?
  1. natural active immunity
  2. natural passive immunity
  3. artificial passive immunity
  4. artificial active immunity
4 .
A patient presents to urgent care after cutting themselves with a knife while eating an apple. The patient became concerned after noticing redness and warmth at the injury site. What education can the nurse provide related to these findings?
  1. An artificial passive vaccine should be administered to prevent further damage.
  2. The patient should expect the cut to turn black before healing begins.
  3. Redness and warmth are expected assessment findings.
  4. The patient may be allergic to apples and will need additional allergy testing.
5 .
What does the CDC recommend as the length of time someone take to perform hand hygiene using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer?
  1. ten to fifteen seconds
  2. twenty to thirty seconds
  3. forty to fifty seconds
  4. fifty to sixty seconds
6 .
A nurse is preparing to enter the room of a patient on droplet precautions. What is the correct order for application of PPE?
  1. handwashing, gown, mask, eye protection, gloves
  2. handwashing, mask, gloves, gown, eye protection
  3. mask, handwashing, gown, eye protection, gloves
  4. mask, handwashing, gloves, gown, eye protection
7 .
A nurse is setting up a sterile field to insert an indwelling catheter into an older patient who has dementia. During the setup, the patient accidentally drops their leg inside the sterile field. What is the appropriate nursing action?
  1. Call for another nurse to hold the patient’s leg and continue setup.
  2. Remove the portion of the field that was contaminated and continue setup.
  3. Continue setup because no objects were touched by the patient.
  4. Discard the supplies and prepare a new sterile field with another nurse assisting in holding the patient.
8 .
A nurse is preparing a sterile field to complete a sterile wound dressing change. What action would indicate a break in the sterile field?
  1. remaining 1 ft (30 cm) away from nonsterile areas
  2. placing additional sterile items in the sterile field
  3. not utilizing the 1 in (2.5 cm) border of the sterile field
  4. reaching 1 ft (30 cm) over the sterile field
9 .
The nurse is admitting a patient who has tuberculosis to the hospital. What tier of precautions must the nurse institute when caring for this patient?
  1. droplet contact
  2. airborne contact
  3. direct contact
  4. indirect contact
10 .
What is the first step in protocol for a nurse who has been stuck by a needle?
  1. Report to the emergency department.
  2. Place the needle in a biohazard bag.
  3. Call an infectious disease doctor.
  4. Wash the area thoroughly with soap and water.
11 .
The nurse is speaking with a patient about their new diagnosis of Clostridioides difficile, highlighting that his infection is no longer impacted by antibiotics. How is this type of infection categorized?
  1. hospital-specific organism
  2. multifactor-resistant infection
  3. hospital-created infection
  4. multidrug-resistant organism
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