Which polysaccharide is usually found in the cell wall of fungi?
Which of these organelles is not found in a fungal cell?
- Golgi apparatus
The wall dividing individual cells in a fungal filament is called a
During sexual reproduction, a homothallic mycelium contains
- all septated hyphae
- all haploid nuclei
- both mating types
- none of the above
The most primitive phylum of fungi is the ________.
Members of which phylum produce a club-shaped structure that contains spores?
Members of which phylum establish a successful symbiotic relationship with the roots of trees?
The fungi that do not reproduce sexually use to be classified as ________.
What term describes the close association of a fungus with the root of a tree?
- a rhizoid
- a lichen
- a mycorrhiza
- an endophyte
Why are fungi important decomposers?
- They produce many spores.
- They can grow in many different environments.
- They produce mycelia.
- They recycle carbon and inorganic minerals by the process of decomposition.
A fungus that climbs up a tree reaching higher elevation to release its spores in the wind and does not receive any nutrients from the tree or contribute to the tree’s welfare is described as a ________.
A fungal infection that affects nails and skin is classified as ________.
- systemic mycosis
- superficial mycosis
Yeast is a facultative anaerobe. This means that alcohol fermentation takes place only if:
- the temperature is close to 37°C
- the atmosphere does not contain oxygen
- sugar is provided to the cells
- light is provided to the cells
The advantage of yeast cells over bacterial cells to express human proteins is that:
- yeast cells grow faster
- yeast cells are easier to manipulate genetically
- yeast cells are eukaryotic and modify proteins similarly to human cells
- yeast cells are easily lysed to purify the proteins