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Review Questions

BiologyReview Questions


Meiosis produces ________ daughter cells.

  1. two haploid
  2. two diploid
  3. four haploid
  4. four diploid

What structure is most important in forming the tetrads?

  1. centromere
  2. synaptonemal complex
  3. chiasma
  4. kinetochore

At which stage of meiosis are sister chromatids separated from each other?

  1. prophase I
  2. prophase II
  3. anaphase I
  4. anaphase II

At metaphase I, homologous chromosomes are connected only at what structures?

  1. chiasmata
  2. recombination nodules
  3. microtubules
  4. kinetochores

Which of the following is not true in regard to crossover?

  1. Spindle microtubules guide the transfer of DNA across the synaptonemal complex.
  2. Non-sister chromatids exchange genetic material.
  3. Chiasmata are formed.
  4. Recombination nodules mark the crossover point.

What phase of mitotic interphase is missing from meiotic interkinesis?

  1. G0 phase
  2. G1 phase
  3. S phase
  4. G2 phase

The part of meiosis that is similar to mitosis is ________.

  1. meiosis I
  2. anaphase I
  3. meiosis II
  4. interkinesis

If a muscle cell of a typical organism has 32 chromosomes, how many chromosomes will be in a gamete of that same organism?

  1. 8
  2. 16
  3. 32
  4. 64

What is a likely evolutionary advantage of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction?

  1. Sexual reproduction involves fewer steps.
  2. There is a lower chance of using up the resources in a given environment.
  3. Sexual reproduction results in variation in the offspring.
  4. Sexual reproduction is more cost-effective.

Which type of life cycle has both a haploid and diploid multicellular stage?

  1. asexual
  2. diploid-dominant
  3. haploid-dominant
  4. alternation of generations

Fungi typically display which type of life cycle?

  1. diploid-dominant
  2. haploid-dominant
  3. alternation of generations
  4. asexual

A diploid, multicellular life-cycle stage that gives rise to haploid cells by meiosis is called a ________.

  1. sporophyte
  2. gametophyte
  3. spore
  4. gamete
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