Dehydration synthesis leads to formation of
- water and polymers
- none of the above
During the breakdown of polymers, which of the following reactions takes place?
- covalent bond
The following chemical reactants produce the ester ethyl ethanoate (C4H8O2):
C2H6O + CH3COOH
What type of reaction occurs to make ethyl ethanoate?
- acid-base reaction
An example of a monosaccharide is ________.
- all of the above
Cellulose and starch are examples of:
Plant cell walls contain which of the following in abundance?
Lactose is a disaccharide formed by the formation of a ________ bond between glucose and ________.
- glycosidic; lactose
- glycosidic; galactose
- hydrogen; sucrose
- hydrogen; fructose
Which of the following is not an extracellular matrix role of carbohydrates?
- protect an insect’s internal organs from external trauma
- prevent plant cells from lysing after the plant is watered
- maintain the shape of a fungal spore
- provide energy for muscle movement
Saturated fats have all of the following characteristics except:
- they are solid at room temperature
- they have single bonds within the carbon chain
- they are usually obtained from animal sources
- they tend to dissolve in water easily
Phospholipids are important components of ________.
- the plasma membrane of cells
- the ring structure of steroids
- the waxy covering on leaves
- the double bond in hydrocarbon chains
Cholesterol is an integral part of plasma membranes. Based on its structure, where is it found in the membrane?
- on the extracellular surface
- embedded with the phospholipid heads
- within the tail bilayer
- attached to the intracellular surface
The monomers that make up proteins are called ________.
- amino acids
The α-helix and the β-pleated sheet are part of which protein structure?
Mad cow disease is an infectious disease where one misfolded protein causes all other copies of the protein to begin misfolding. This is an example of a disease impacting ____ structure.
A nucleotide of DNA may contain ________.
- ribose, uracil, and a phosphate group
- deoxyribose, uracil, and a phosphate group
- deoxyribose, thymine, and a phosphate group
- ribose, thymine, and a phosphate group
The building blocks of nucleic acids are ________.
- nitrogenous bases
How does the double helix structure of DNA support its role in encoding the genome?
- The sugar-phosphate backbone provides a template for DNA replication.
- tRNA pairing with the template strand creates proteins encoded by the genome.
- Complementary base pairing creates a very stable structure.
- Complementary base pairing allows for easy editing of both strands of DNA.