Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
Biology 2e

Review Questions

Biology 2eReview Questions


Dehydration synthesis leads to formation of

  1. monomers
  2. polymers
  3. water and polymers
  4. none of the above

During the breakdown of polymers, which of the following reactions takes place?

  1. hydrolysis
  2. dehydration
  3. condensation
  4. covalent bond

The following chemical reactants produce the ester ethyl ethanoate (C4H8O2):


What type of reaction occurs to make ethyl ethanoate?

  1. condensation
  2. hydrolysis
  3. combustion
  4. acid-base reaction

An example of a monosaccharide is ________.

  1. fructose
  2. glucose
  3. galactose
  4. all of the above

Cellulose and starch are examples of:

  1. monosaccharides
  2. disaccharides
  3. lipids
  4. polysaccharides

Plant cell walls contain which of the following in abundance?

  1. starch
  2. cellulose
  3. glycogen
  4. lactose

Lactose is a disaccharide formed by the formation of a ________ bond between glucose and ________.

  1. glycosidic; lactose
  2. glycosidic; galactose
  3. hydrogen; sucrose
  4. hydrogen; fructose

Which of the following is not an extracellular matrix role of carbohydrates?

  1. protect an insect’s internal organs from external trauma
  2. prevent plant cells from lysing after the plant is watered
  3. maintain the shape of a fungal spore
  4. provide energy for muscle movement

Saturated fats have all of the following characteristics except:

  1. they are solid at room temperature
  2. they have single bonds within the carbon chain
  3. they are usually obtained from animal sources
  4. they tend to dissolve in water easily

Phospholipids are important components of ________.

  1. the plasma membrane of cells
  2. the ring structure of steroids
  3. the waxy covering on leaves
  4. the double bond in hydrocarbon chains

Cholesterol is an integral part of plasma membranes. Based on its structure, where is it found in the membrane?

  1. on the extracellular surface
  2. embedded with the phospholipid heads
  3. within the tail bilayer
  4. attached to the intracellular surface

The monomers that make up proteins are called ________.

  1. nucleotides
  2. disaccharides
  3. amino acids
  4. chaperones

The α-helix and the β-pleated sheet are part of which protein structure?

  1. primary
  2. secondary
  3. tertiary
  4. quaternary

Mad cow disease is an infectious disease where one misfolded protein causes all other copies of the protein to begin misfolding. This is an example of a disease impacting ____ structure.

  1. primary
  2. secondary
  3. tertiary
  4. quaternary

A nucleotide of DNA may contain ________.

  1. ribose, uracil, and a phosphate group
  2. deoxyribose, uracil, and a phosphate group
  3. deoxyribose, thymine, and a phosphate group
  4. ribose, thymine, and a phosphate group

The building blocks of nucleic acids are ________.

  1. sugars
  2. nitrogenous bases
  3. peptides
  4. nucleotides

How does the double helix structure of DNA support its role in encoding the genome?

  1. The sugar-phosphate backbone provides a template for DNA replication.
  2. tRNA pairing with the template strand creates proteins encoded by the genome.
  3. Complementary base pairing creates a very stable structure.
  4. Complementary base pairing allows for easy editing of both strands of DNA.
Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Apr 26, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.