X-linked recessive traits in humans (or in Drosophila) are observed ________.
- in more males than females
- in more females than males
- in males and females equally
- in different distributions depending on the trait
The first suggestion that chromosomes may physically exchange segments came from the microscopic identification of ________.
- sister chromatids
Which recombination frequency corresponds to independent assortment and the absence of linkage?
Which recombination frequency corresponds to perfect linkage and violates the law of independent assortment?
Which of the following codes describes position 12 on the long arm of chromosome 13?
In agriculture, polyploid crops (like coffee, strawberries, or bananas) tend to produce ________.
- more uniformity
- more variety
- larger yields
- smaller yields
Assume a pericentric inversion occurred in one of two homologs prior to meiosis. The other homolog remains normal. During meiosis, what structure—if any—would these homologs assume in order to pair accurately along their lengths?
- V formation
- pairing would not be possible
The genotype XXY corresponds to
- Klinefelter syndrome
- Turner syndrome
- Jacob syndrome
Abnormalities in the number of X chromosomes tends to have milder phenotypic effects than the same abnormalities in autosomes because of ________.
- nonhomologous recombination
- X inactivation
By definition, a pericentric inversion includes the ________.