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Astronomy 2e

For Further Exploration

Astronomy 2eFor Further Exploration


Black Holes

Cendes, Y. “How to Swallow a Star.” Astronomy (December 2021): 24. On the tidal disruption of stars by black holes.

Greene, J. “The Search for Middleweight Black Holes,” Sky & Telescope (November 2022): 16. Trying to find black holes with masses 100s to 1000s times the mass of our Sun.

Kleisman, A. “EHT Image Milky Way’s Black Hole.” Astronomy (February 2023): 22. A short news story.

Talcott, R. “Black Holes in our Backyard.” Astronomy (September 2012): 44. Discussion of the 19 objects then known to be black holes.

The September 2015 issue of Scientific American was devoted to the 100th anniversary of the General Theory of Relativity.

Vigil, A. “On the Hunt for Roque Black Holes.” Astronomy (May 2023): 14. On finding isolated black holes in our Galaxy.

Gravitational Waves

Carlisle, C. “What Gravitational Waves Have Taught us about Black Holes.” Sky & Telescope (June 2022): 12. Detailed report on LIGO & Virgo results and what they tell us about black hole mergers.

Haynes, K., & Betz, E. “A Wrinkle in Spacetime Confirms Einstein’s Gravitation.” Astronomy (May 2016): 22. On the direct detection of gravity waves.

Japelj, J. “Cosmic Explosion Hunters.” Sky & Telescope (December 2021): 36. Hunting for the electromagnetic counterparts of mergers producing gravity waves.


Black Holes

Black Hole Encyclopedia: From StarDate Magazine at the University of Texas McDonald Observatory; includes an introduction to basics and coverage of news.

Black Holes: A page from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, with an introduction and links to many projects searching for black holes.

Black Holes: Brief NASA overview of black holes, along with links to the most recent relevant news and discoveries.

Virtual Trips into Black Holes and Neutron Stars: Simulations by Robert Nemiroff at Michigan Technological University.

Gravitational Waves

Advanced LIGO: The full story on this gravitational wave observatory.

LIGO Caltech:


Black Holes

Black Holes: Masses and Sizes: Short film with animations (4:31).

Black Holes: The End of Time or a New Beginning?: 2012 Silicon Valley Astronomy Lecture by Roger Blandford (1:29:52).

Death by Black Hole: Neil deGrasse Tyson explains spaghettification with only his hands (5:34).

Hearts of Darkness: Black Holes in Space: 2010 Silicon Valley Astronomy Lecture by Alex Filippenko (1:56:11).

NASA Guide to Black Hole Safety: Whimsical cartoon for beginners (2:40).

Gravitational Waves

First Light from Gravitational Wave Source: 2017 ESO video on the first observations of electro-magnetic radiation from an event seen with gravity waves (3:50).

Journey of a Gravitational Wave: Introduction from LIGO Caltech (2:55).

LIGO: Opening a New Window onto the Universe: A history of the LIGO Observatory, through the first detection, with brief interviews with key players (5:16)

LIGO’s First Detection of Gravitational Waves: Explanation and animations from PBS Digital Studio (9:31).

Two Black Holes Merge into One: Simulation from LIGO Caltech (0:35).

What the Discovery of Gravitational Waves Means: TED Talk by Allan Adams (10:58).

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