Aguirre, E. “Hubble Zooms in on Jupiter’s New Red Spot.” Sky & Telescope (August 2006): 26. On patterns that develop in Jupiter’s chaotic atmosphere.
Evans, B. “How Juno Unmasked Jupiter.” Astronomy (August 2022): 16. On mission results and images.
Hansen-Koharcheck, C. “Junocam at Jupiter: Where Science Meets Art.” Sky & Telescope (May 2019): 14. Juno mission images, as interpreted by various image processors.
Talcott, R. “JWST Sets its Sights on Jupiter.” Astronomy (February 2023): 36. On new Webb infrared images of the giant planet.
Kruesi, L. “Cassini Unveils Saturn.” Astronomy (March 2018): 20. What the mission taught us.
McEwen, A. “Cassini Unveils Saturn.” Astronomy (July 2006): 30. A report on the first two years of discoveries in the Saturn system.
Spilker, L. “Saturn Revolution.” Astronomy (October 2008): 34. On results from the Cassini mission.
Talcott, R. “Saturn’s Sweet Surprises.” Astronomy (June 2007): 52. On Cassini mission results.
Uranus and Neptune
Bakich, M. “Observe the Ice Giants (Uranus & Neptune).” Astronomy (October 2019): 52. How to observe the two outer planets in amateur telescopes.
Bell, T. “Discovering Neptune: What Really Happened.” Sky & Telescope (September 2022): 32. New details about the prediction and discovery of the 8th planet.
Cowling, T. “Big Blue: The Twin Worlds of Uranus and Neptune.” Astronomy (October 1990): 42. Nice, long review of the two planets.
Croswell, K. “Uranus and Neptune: The Neglected Planets.” Sky & Telescope (December 2019): 16. Introduction to the ice-giant planets and their moons.
Davis, J. “The Mystery and Majesty of the Ice Giants.” Astronomy (December 2020): 40. Review of what Voyager taught us about both planets, what we would like to learn, and possible future missions.
Lakdawalla, E. “Sights Set on Uranus” Sky & Telescope (July 2023): 14. What we know and on future missions to the planet now being envisioned.
Sheehan, W. “Finding Neptune.” Astronomy (February 2022): 26. History of its discovery.
Missions to the Giant Planets
Cassini-Huygens Mission Site at European Space Agency: https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens.
Cassini Mission Site at the Jet Propulsion Lab: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/cassini/overview/.
NASA Galileo Mission Site: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/galileo/overview/.
NASA’s Juno Mission to Jupiter: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/juno/overview/ or https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/.
Voyager Mission Site at the Jet Propulsion Lab: https://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/.
NASA Data Center Website: https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/jupiterpage.html.
NASA’s Solar System Exploration Site: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/jupiter/overview/.
Nine Planets Website: https://nineplanets.org/jupiter/.
Planetary Society Website: https://www.planetary.org/worlds/jupiter.
NASA Data Center Website: https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/saturnpage.html.
NASA’s Solar System Exploration Site: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn/overview/.
Nine Planets Website: https://nineplanets.org/saturn/.
Planetary Society Website: https://www.planetary.org/worlds/saturn.
Uranus and Neptune
Neptune at NASA Data Center Website: https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/neptunepage.html.
Neptune at NASA’s Solar System Exploration Site: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/neptune/overview/.
Neptune at Nine Planets Site: https://nineplanets.org/neptune/.
Neptune at Planetary Society Website: https://www.planetary.org/worlds/neptune.
Uranus at NASA Data Center Website: https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planets/uranuspage.html.
Uranus at NASA’s Solar System Exploration Site: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/uranus/overview/.
Uranus at Nine Planets Site: https://nineplanets.org/uranus/.
Uranus at Planetary Society Website: https://www.planetary.org/worlds/uranus.
Cassini: 15 Years of Exploration: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2z8fzz_MBAw. A quick visual summary of mission highlights (2:00).
Cassini’s Grand Finale: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrGAQCq9BMU. JPL video describes the accomplishments and final descent into Saturn of this mission (4:00).
Fly into the Great Red Spot of Jupiter: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uj3Lq7Gu94Y. A remarkable 2017 NASA animation from Juno data, flying above and into the Red Spot, with a bar showing your altitude (1:00).
Four Days at Saturn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTYKmxlbtiou. Cassini was focused on the planet Saturn for 44 hours to obtain this labeled, sped-up movie of changes in its atmosphere (2:00).
Hubble Watches Dark Spot on Neptune Die: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKHtx5y6C4M. Hubble observations of changes in the atmosphere of Neptune, with nice images (3:00).
In the Land of Enchantment: The Epic Story of the Cassini Mission to Saturn: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vx135n8VFxY. Inspiring illustrated lecture by Cassini Mission Imagining Lead Scientist Carolyn Porco (1:38).
Jupiter Globe Rotation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QND_NtNFAvIu. Beautiful 2014 video showing the rotation of Jupiter with its many atmospheric features, made from Hubble Space Telescope photos (1:00).
Jupiter’s Magnetosphere: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e0tqmrZn6kY. 2011 video about the magnetosphere of Jupiter and why we continue to be interested in it, featuring astronomer Fran Bagenal (2:00).
Jupiter, the Largest Planet: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MNt79d7deoA. Very dramatic 2010 introduction to the planet, produced with Science on a Sphere (7:00).
Lightning Across the Solar System: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F253nFr-rtQ. NASA’s 2019 video compares lightning on Earth with giant lightning bolts at Jupiter and Saturn (4:00).
New Science from Jupiter: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=txNjILemtsw. Brief 2018 review of the first Juno mission results, from NASA, with amazing images (5:00).
Saturn’s Stunning Double Show: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r7P_0iltFXs. HubbleCast #33 from 2010: what we learned about the aurorae at both its poles when Saturn’s rings were edge-on to us (5:00).
Voyager's Last Encounter: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqVuDhfh9W8. 1989 overview of Voyager 2 at Neptune: with results and quotes by mission scientists (4:00).