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Anatomy and Physiology

Review Questions

Anatomy and PhysiologyReview Questions


Which part of the clavicle articulates with the manubrium?

  1. shaft
  2. sternal end
  3. acromial end
  4. coracoid process

A shoulder separation results from injury to the ________.

  1. glenohumeral joint
  2. costoclavicular joint
  3. acromioclavicular joint
  4. sternoclavicular joint

Which feature lies between the spine and superior border of the scapula?

  1. suprascapular notch
  2. glenoid cavity
  3. superior angle
  4. supraspinous fossa

What structure is an extension of the spine of the scapula?

  1. acromion
  2. coracoid process
  3. supraglenoid tubercle
  4. glenoid cavity

Name the short, hook-like bony process of the scapula that projects anteriorly.

  1. acromial process
  2. clavicle
  3. coracoid process
  4. glenoid fossa

How many bones are there in the upper limbs combined?

  1. 20
  2. 30
  3. 40
  4. 60

Which bony landmark is located on the lateral side of the proximal humerus?

  1. greater tubercle
  2. trochlea
  3. lateral epicondyle
  4. lesser tubercle

Which region of the humerus articulates with the radius as part of the elbow joint?

  1. trochlea
  2. styloid process
  3. capitulum
  4. olecranon process

Which is the lateral-most carpal bone of the proximal row?

  1. trapezium
  2. hamate
  3. pisiform
  4. scaphoid

The radius bone ________.

  1. is found on the medial side of the forearm
  2. has a head that articulates with the radial notch of the ulna
  3. does not articulate with any of the carpal bones
  4. has the radial tuberosity located near its distal end

How many bones fuse in adulthood to form the hip bone?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

Which component forms the superior part of the hip bone?

  1. ilium
  2. pubis
  3. ischium
  4. sacrum

Which of the following supports body weight when sitting?

  1. iliac crest
  2. ischial tuberosity
  3. ischiopubic ramus
  4. pubic body

The ischial spine is found between which of the following structures?

  1. inferior pubic ramus and ischial ramus
  2. pectineal line and arcuate line
  3. lesser sciatic notch and greater sciatic notch
  4. anterior superior iliac spine and posterior superior iliac spine

The pelvis ________.

  1. has a subpubic angle that is larger in females
  2. consists of the two hip bones, but does not include the sacrum or coccyx
  3. has an obturator foramen, an opening that is defined in part by the sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments
  4. has a space located inferior to the pelvic brim called the greater pelvis

Which bony landmark of the femur serves as a site for muscle attachments?

  1. fovea capitis
  2. lesser trochanter
  3. head
  4. medial condyle

What structure contributes to the knee joint?

  1. lateral malleolus of the fibula
  2. tibial tuberosity
  3. medial condyle of the tibia
  4. lateral epicondyle of the femur

Which tarsal bone articulates with the tibia and fibula?

  1. calcaneus
  2. cuboid
  3. navicular
  4. talus

What is the total number of bones found in the foot and toes?

  1. 7
  2. 14
  3. 26
  4. 30

The tibia ________.

  1. has an expanded distal end called the lateral malleolus
  2. is not a weight-bearing bone
  3. is firmly anchored to the fibula by an interosseous membrane
  4. can be palpated (felt) under the skin only at its proximal and distal ends

Which event takes place during the seventh week of development?

  1. appearance of the upper and lower limb buds
  2. flattening of the distal limb bud into a paddle shape
  3. the first appearance of hyaline cartilage models of future bones
  4. the rotation of the limbs

During endochondral ossification of a long bone, ________.

  1. a primary ossification center will develop within the epiphysis
  2. mesenchyme will differentiate directly into bone tissue
  3. growth of the epiphyseal plate will produce bone lengthening
  4. all epiphyseal plates will disappear before birth

The clavicle ________.

  1. develops via intramembranous ossification
  2. develops via endochondral ossification
  3. is the last bone of the body to begin ossification
  4. is fully ossified at the time of birth
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