The joint between adjacent vertebrae that includes an invertebral disc is classified as which type of joint?
Which of these joints is classified as a synarthrosis?
- the pubic symphysis
- the manubriosternal joint
- an invertebral disc
- the shoulder joint
Which of these joints is classified as a biaxial diarthrosis?
- the metacarpophalangeal joint
- the hip joint
- the elbow joint
- the pubic symphysis
Synovial joints ________.
- may be functionally classified as a synarthrosis
- are joints where the bones are connected to each other by hyaline cartilage
- may be functionally classified as an amphiarthrosis
- are joints where the bones articulate with each other within a fluid-filled joint cavity
Which type of fibrous joint connects the tibia and fibula?
An example of a wide fibrous joint is ________.
- the interosseous membrane of the forearm
- a gomphosis
- a suture joint
- a synostosis
A gomphosis ________.
- is formed by an interosseous membrane
- connects the tibia and fibula bones of the leg
- contains a joint cavity
- anchors a tooth to the jaw
A syndesmosis is ________.
- a narrow fibrous joint
- the type of joint that unites bones of the skull
- a fibrous joint that unites parallel bones
- the type of joint that anchors the teeth in the jaws
A cartilaginous joint ________.
- has a joint cavity
- is called a symphysis when the bones are united by fibrocartilage
- anchors the teeth to the jaws
- is formed by a wide sheet of fibrous connective tissue
A synchondrosis is ________.
- found at the pubic symphysis
- where bones are connected together with fibrocartilage
- a type of fibrous joint
- found at the first sternocostal joint of the thoracic cage
Which of the following are joined by a symphysis?
- adjacent vertebrae
- the first rib and the sternum
- the end and shaft of a long bone
- the radius and ulna bones
The epiphyseal plate of a growing long bone in a child is classified as a ________.
Which type of joint provides the greatest range of motion?
Which type of joint allows for only uniaxial movement?
- saddle joint
- hinge joint
- condyloid joint
- ball-and-socket joint
Which of the following is a type of synovial joint?
- a synostosis
- a suture
- a plane joint
- a synchondrosis
A bursa ________.
- surrounds a tendon at the point where the tendon crosses a joint
- secretes the lubricating fluid for a synovial joint
- prevents friction between skin and bone, or a muscle tendon and bone
- is the strong band of connective tissue that holds bones together at a synovial joint
At synovial joints, ________.
- the articulating ends of the bones are directly connected by fibrous connective tissue
- the ends of the bones are enclosed within a space called a subcutaneous bursa
- intrinsic ligaments are located entirely inside of the articular capsule
- the joint cavity is filled with a thick, lubricating fluid
At a synovial joint, the synovial membrane ________.
- forms the fibrous connective walls of the joint cavity
- is the layer of cartilage that covers the articulating surfaces of the bones
- forms the intracapsular ligaments
- secretes the lubricating synovial fluid
Condyloid joints ________.
- are a type of ball-and-socket joint
- include the radiocarpal joint
- are a uniaxial diarthrosis joint
- are found at the proximal radioulnar joint
A meniscus is ________.
- a fibrocartilage pad that provides padding between bones
- a fluid-filled space that prevents friction between a muscle tendon and underlying bone
- the articular cartilage that covers the ends of a bone at a synovial joint
- the lubricating fluid within a synovial joint
The joints between the articular processes of adjacent vertebrae can contribute to which movement?
- lateral flexion
Which motion moves the bottom of the foot away from the midline of the body?
- plantar flexion
Movement of a body region in a circular movement at a condyloid joint is what type of motion?
Supination is the motion that moves the ________.
- hand from the palm backward position to the palm forward position
- foot so that the bottom of the foot faces the midline of the body
- hand from the palm forward position to the palm backward position
- scapula in an upward direction
Movement at the shoulder joint that moves the upper limb laterally away from the body is called ________.
- lateral rotation
The primary support for the glenohumeral joint is provided by the ________.
- coracohumeral ligament
- glenoid labrum
- rotator cuff muscles
- subacromial bursa
The proximal radioulnar joint ________.
- is supported by the annular ligament
- contains an articular disc that strongly unites the bones
- is supported by the ulnar collateral ligament
- is a hinge joint that allows for flexion/extension of the forearm
Which statement is true concerning the knee joint?
- The lateral meniscus is an intrinsic ligament located on the lateral side of the knee joint.
- Hyperextension is resisted by the posterior cruciate ligament.
- The anterior cruciate ligament supports the knee when it is flexed and weight bearing.
- The medial meniscus is attached to the tibial collateral ligament.
The ankle joint ________.
- is also called the subtalar joint
- allows for gliding movements that produce inversion/eversion of the foot
- is a uniaxial hinge joint
- is supported by the tibial collateral ligament on the lateral side
Which region of the vertebral column has the greatest range of motion for axial rotation?
Intramembranous ossification ________.
- gives rise to the bones of the limbs
- produces the bones of the top and sides of the skull
- produces the bones of the face and base of the skull
- involves the conversion of a hyaline cartilage model into bone
Synovial joints ________.
- are derived from fontanelles
- are produced by intramembranous ossification
- develop at an interzone site
- are produced by endochondral ossification
Endochondral ossification is ________.
- the process that replaces hyaline cartilage with bone tissue
- the process by which mesenchyme differentiates directly into bone tissue
- completed before birth
- the process that gives rise to the joint interzone and future joint cavity