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Anatomy and Physiology 2e

Critical Thinking Questions

Anatomy and Physiology 2eCritical Thinking Questions


Describe the shape and palpable line formed by the clavicle and scapula.


Discuss two possible injuries of the pectoral girdle that may occur following a strong blow to the shoulder or a hard fall onto an outstretched hand.


Your friend runs out of gas and you have to help push their car. Discuss the sequence of bones and joints that convey the forces passing from your hand, through your upper limb and your pectoral girdle, and to your axial skeleton.


Name the bones in the wrist and hand, and describe or sketch out their locations and articulations.


Describe the articulations and ligaments that unite the four bones of the pelvis to each other.


Discuss the ways in which the female pelvis is adapted for childbirth.


Define the regions of the lower limb, name the bones found in each region, and describe the bony landmarks that articulate together to form the hip, knee, and ankle joints.


The talus bone of the foot receives the weight of the body from the tibia. The talus bone then distributes this weight toward the ground in two directions: one-half of the body weight is passed in a posterior direction and one-half of the weight is passed in an anterior direction. Describe the arrangement of the tarsal and metatarsal bones that are involved in both the posterior and anterior distribution of body weight.


How can a radiograph of a child’s femur be used to determine the approximate age of that child?


How does the development of the clavicle differ from the development of other appendicular skeleton bones?

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