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agent of political socialization
a person or entity that teaches and influences others about politics through use of information
bandwagon effect
increased media coverage of candidates who poll high
Bradley effect
the difference between a poll result and an election result in which voters gave a socially desirable poll response rather than a true response that might be perceived as racist
classical liberalism
a political ideology based on belief in individual liberties and rights and the idea of free will, with little role for government
a political and economic system in which, in theory, government promotes common ownership of all property, means of production, and materials to prevent the exploitation of workers while creating an equal society; in practice, most communist governments have used force to maintain control
covert content
ideologically slanted information presented as unbiased information in order to influence public opinion
diffuse support
the widespread belief that a country and its legal system are legitimate
exit poll
an election poll taken by interviewing voters as they leave a polling place
a political system of total control by the ruling party or political leader over the economy, the military, society, and culture and often the private lives of citizens
favorability poll
a public opinion poll that measures a public’s positive feelings about a candidate or politician
shortcuts or generalizations for decision making
horserace coverage
day-to-day media coverage of candidate performance in the election
leading question
a question worded to lead a respondent to give a desired answer
margin of error
a number that states how far the poll results may be from the actual preferences of the total population of citizens
modern conservatism
a political ideology that prioritizes individual liberties, preferring a smaller government that stays out of the economy
modern liberalism
a political ideology focused on equality and supporting government intervention in society and the economy if it promotes equality
overt content
political information whose author makes clear that only one side is presented
political culture
the prevailing political attitudes and beliefs within a society or region
political elite
a political opinion leader who alerts the public to changes or problems
political socialization
the process of learning the norms and practices of a political system through others and societal institutions
public opinion
a collection of opinions of an individual or a group of individuals on a topic, person, or event
push poll
politically biased campaign information presented as a poll in order to change minds
random sample
a limited number of people from the overall population selected in such a way that each has an equal chance of being chosen
representative sample
a group of respondents demographically similar to the population of interest
a political and economic system in which government uses its authority to promote social and economic equality, providing everyone with basic services and equal opportunities and requiring citizens with more wealth to contribute more
straw poll
an informal and unofficial election poll conducted with a non-random population
theory of delegate representation
a theory that assumes the politician is in office to be the voice of the people and to vote only as the people want
traditional conservatism
a political ideology supporting the authority of the monarchy and the church in the belief that government provides the rule of law
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