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American Government 3e

Review Questions

American Government 3eReview Questions


A group of African American students believes a college admissions test that is used by a public university discriminates against them. What legal standard would the courts use in deciding their case?

  1. rational basis test
  2. intermediate scrutiny
  3. strict scrutiny
  4. equal protection

The equal protection clause became part of the Constitution as a result of ________.

  1. affirmative action
  2. the Fourteenth Amendment
  3. intermediate scrutiny
  4. strict scrutiny

Which of the following types of discrimination would be subject to the rational basis test?

  1. A law that treats men differently from women
  2. An action by a state governor that treats Asian Americans differently from other citizens
  3. A law that treats White people differently from other citizens
  4. A law that treats 10-year-olds differently from 28-year-olds

What is the difference between civil rights and civil liberties?


The Supreme Court decision ruling that “separate but equal” was constitutional and allowed racial segregation to take place was ________.

  1. Brown v. Board of Education
  2. Plessy v. Ferguson
  3. Loving v. Virginia
  4. Shelley v. Kraemer

The 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery march was an important milestone in the civil rights movement because it ________.

  1. vividly illustrated the continued resistance to Black civil rights in the Deep South
  2. did not encounter any violent resistance
  3. led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
  4. was the first major protest after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr.

What were the key provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?


At the world’s first women’s rights convention in 1848, the most contentious issue proved to be _________.

  1. A. the right to education for women
  2. B. suffrage for women
  3. C. access to the professions for women
  4. D. greater property rights for women

How did NAWSA differ from the NWP?

  1. NAWSA worked to win votes for women on a state-by-state basis while the NWP wanted an amendment added to the Constitution.
  2. NAWSA attracted mostly middle-class women while NWP appealed to the working class.
  3. The NWP favored more confrontational tactics like protests and picketing while NAWSA circulated petitions and lobbied politicians.
  4. The NWP sought to deny African Americans the vote, but NAWSA wanted to enfranchise all women.

The doctrine that people who do jobs that require the same level of skill, training, or education are thus entitled to equal pay is known as ________.

  1. the glass ceiling
  2. substantial compensation
  3. comparable worth
  4. affirmative action

The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced removal of this tribe from Georgia to Oklahoma.

  1. Lakota
  2. Paiute
  3. Navajo
  4. Cherokee

AIM was ________.

  1. a federal program that returned control of Native American education to tribal governments
  2. a radical group of Native American activists who occupied the settlement of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Reservation
  3. an attempt to reduce the size of reservations
  4. a federal program to give funds to Native American tribes to help their members open small businesses that would employ tribal members

Briefly describe the similarities and differences between the experiences of Native Americans and Native Hawaiians.


Mexican American farm workers in California organized ________ to demand higher pay from their employers.

  1. the bracero program
  2. the League of United Latin American Citizens
  3. the United Farm Workers union
  4. the Mattachine Society

Which of the following best describes attitudes toward Asian immigrants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?

  1. Asian immigrants were welcomed to the United States and swiftly became financially successful.
  2. Asian immigrants were disliked by White people who feared competition for jobs, and several acts of Congress sought to restrict immigration and naturalization of Asian people.
  3. White people feared Asian immigrants because Japanese and Chinese Americans were often disloyal to the U.S. government.
  4. Asian immigrants got along well with White people but not with Mexican Americans or African Americans.

Why did it take so long for an active civil rights movement to begin in the LGBTQ community?

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