Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
American Government 3e

Review Questions

American Government 3eReview Questions


During George Washington’s administration, there were ________ cabinet positions.

  1. four
  2. five
  3. six
  4. seven

The “spoils system” allocated political appointments on the basis of ________.

  1. merit
  2. background
  3. party loyalty
  4. specialized education

Two recent periods of large-scale bureaucratic expansion were ________.

  1. the 1930s and the 1960s
  2. the 1920s and the 1980s
  3. the 1910s and the 1990s
  4. the 1930s and the 1950s

Briefly explain the underlying reason for the emergence of the spoils system.


The Civil Service Commission was created by the ________.

  1. Pendleton Act of 1883
  2. Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912
  3. Hatch Act of 1939
  4. Political Activities Act of 1939

The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 created the Office of Personnel Management and the ________.

  1. Civil Service Commission
  2. Merit Systems Protection Board
  3. “spoils system”
  4. General Schedule

Briefly explain the benefits and drawbacks of a merit system.


Which describes the ideal bureaucracy according to Max Weber?

  1. an apolitical, hierarchically organized agency
  2. an organization that competes with other bureaucracies for funding
  3. a wasteful, poorly organized agency
  4. an agency that shows clear electoral responsiveness

Which of the following models of bureaucracy best accounts for the way bureaucracies tend to push Congress for more funding each year?

  1. the Weberian model
  2. the acquisitive model
  3. the monopolistic model
  4. the ideal model

An example of a government corporation is ________.

  1. NASA
  2. the State Department
  3. Amtrak
  4. the CIA

Briefly explain why government might create a government corporation.


The Freedom of Information Act of 1966 helps citizens exercise oversight over the bureaucracy by ________.

  1. empowering Congress
  2. opening government records to citizen scrutiny
  3. requiring annual evaluations by the president
  4. forcing agencies to hold public meetings

When reformers speak of bureaucratic privatization, they mean all the following processes except ________.

  1. divestiture
  2. government grants
  3. whistleblowing
  4. third-party financing

Briefly explain the advantages of negotiated rulemaking.

Order a print copy

As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.


This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at
Citation information

© Jan 5, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.