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amendatory veto
a veto that allows a governor to send a bill back to the legislature with a message requesting a specific amendment
a document that provides a framework and detailed account of local government responsibilities and areas of authority
commission system
an elected commission that serves as the governing body within a given county
consecutive term limits
caps allowing a member of the legislature to serve for only a specified period of time in either the state house or senate and forcing a wait before the member can run again
council-administrator system
an elected council that appoints an administrator to oversee the operation of the county government
council-elected executive system
a county government in which voters elect both the members of the council and the executive
council-manager system
a structure of government in which elected members of the city council appoint a city manager to carry out administrative functions
delegate legislator
a legislator who represents the will of those who elected the legislator to office and acts in their expressed interest, even when it goes against a personal belief about what is ultimately in the constituency’s best interest
Dillon’s Rule
a legal principle that holds state power and actions above those of local governments and declares state governments to be sovereign relative to local governments
expressed powers
those powers specifically provided to the Congress and the president in the U.S. Constitution
formal powers
those powers a governor may exercise that are specifically outlined in the state constitution or state law
home rule
principle that provides local governments some degree of independence from the state government, typically detailed in a charter
implied powers
those powers not specifically detailed in the U.S. Constitution but inferred as necessary to achieve the objectives of the national government
individualistic political culture
a culture that views the government as a mechanism for addressing issues that matter to individual citizens and for pursuing individual goals
lifetime ban
a rule that members can serve only one time in the state legislature for the number of years allotted and may not run again
line-item veto
a state governor’s ability to strike out a line or individual portions of a bill while letting the remainder pass into law
mayor-council system
a structure of government in which both city council members and the mayor are elected by voters
moralistic political culture
a culture that views the government as a means to better society and promote the general welfare
a governor’s action to absolve someone of blame for a crime and secure their release from prison
reduction veto
a governor’s authority to reduce the amount budgeted in a piece of legislation
term limits
rules that restrict the length of time a member can serve in the state legislature
traditionalistic political culture
a culture that views the government as necessary to maintaining the existing social order or the status quo
an officeholder who believes they were elected to exercise judgment and to know best by virtue of having the time and expertise to study and understand an issue
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