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American Government 2e

Review Questions

American Government 2eReview Questions


Someone who lobbies on behalf of a company that he or she works for as part of his or her job is ________.

  1. an in-house lobbyist
  2. a volunteer lobbyist
  3. a contract lobbyist
  4. a legislative liaison

How are collective goods different from private goods?

  1. Collective goods offer particularized benefits, while private goods are broadly distributed.
  2. Collective goods and private goods both offer particularized benefits.
  3. Collective goods and private goods both offer broadly distributed benefits.
  4. Collective goods offer broadly distributed benefits, while private goods offer particularized benefits.

Why might several competing corporations join together in an association?

  1. because there is often strength in numbers
  2. because they often have common issues that may affect an entire industry
  3. because they can all benefit from governmental policies
  4. all the above

What benefits do private and public interests bring to society? What are some disadvantages of private and public interests?


What type of incentives appeal to someone’s concern about a cause?

  1. solidary incentives
  2. purposive incentives
  3. material incentives
  4. negative incentives

Which of the following is the best example of a solidary benefit?

  1. joining a group to be with others like you
  2. joining a group to obtain a monetary benefit
  3. joining a group because you care about a cause
  4. joining a group because it is a requirement of your job

What are some ways to overcome collective action problems?


Why do some groups have an easier time overcoming collective action problems?


What changes have occurred in the lobbying environment over the past three or four decades?

  1. There is more professional lobbying.
  2. Many interests lobby both the national government and the states.
  3. A fragmentation of interests has taken place.
  4. all the above

Which of the following is an aspect of iron triangles?

  1. fluid participation among interests
  2. a great deal of competition for access to decision-makers
  3. a symbiotic relationship among Congressional committees, executive agencies, and interest groups
  4. three interest groups that have formed a coalition

What does group participation provide to citizens?


Why don’t lower-income groups participate more in the interest group system?


What are some barriers to participation?


Which of the following is true of spending in politics?

  1. The Supreme Court has yet to address the issue of money in politics.
  2. The Supreme Court has restricted spending on politics.
  3. The Supreme Court has opposed restrictions on spending on politics.
  4. The Supreme Court has ruled that corporations may spend unlimited amounts of money but unions may not.

What is a difference between a PAC and a super PAC?

  1. PACs can contribute directly to candidates, but super PACs cannot.
  2. Conservative interests favor PACs over super PACs.
  3. Contributions to PACs are unlimited, but restrictions have been placed on how much money can be contributed to super PACs.
  4. Super PACS are much more likely to support incumbent candidates than are PACs.

How do interest groups lobby the judicial branch?


How do interest groups and their lobbyists decide which lawmakers to lobby? And where do they do so?


Revolving door laws are designed to do which of the following?

  1. prevent lawmakers from utilizing their legislative relationships by becoming lobbyists immediately after leaving office
  2. help lawmakers find work after they leave office
  3. restrict lobbyists from running for public office
  4. all the above

In what ways are lobbyists regulated?

  1. Certain activities are prohibited.
  2. Contributions must be disclosed.
  3. Lobbying is prohibited immediately after leaving office.
  4. all the above

How might disclosure requirements affect lobbying?

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